Wilderness and Invasion: Plastic Place-­-markers of the Anthropocene

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Share
Transcript
    !"#$%&'%(( *'$ +',*("-'. /#*(0"1 /#*1%23*&4%&( -5 06% 7'06&-8-1%'% 9: /*3 ;-'<-9*&$" !"#$%&#'( *+,*$-%*. /$#0 /#$%1,#0&'2 34$50&'2 %1* 6,*5'7 89::;;-$*(*'%< =1* >*5 5( >#,&5? >-5,*73 @(125%* A:8BC =1* (-?5(1.#D' ?5'.&'2 #' %1* E*5,1 15--*'( &' 5 /F$&#F( $F(1 ?*(% 5 -5$%&,F?5$?G H&2#$#F( D5H* 2$#F'.( %1*  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 5'. .$,0 #/ N#05'%&, -#((&E&?&%&*(< T5D5&& &( "5$5.&(*7 5'. @?5(K5 &( X&?.*$'*((I T#D*H*$7 %1* &'H5.&'2 5$0G #/ -?5(%&, '#D -#-F?5%*( 5?? -1G(&,5? (-5,*( #/ %1* -?5'*%7 5'. (G0E#?&,5??G7 %1* /F$%1*(% $*5,1*( #/ %1* 0&'.I P' %1* 1)/2%*)& 3)(4*5%  7 P ,*'%$5?&L* %1* 5$%&(% 5( ,F?%F$* D#$K*$Y5,%&H&(%Y$*(*5$,1*$ 5'. *0-?#G /#$*'(&,( 5( 5' 5*(%1*%&, 0#.* #/ &'ZF&$GI P' 5--$#5,1&'2 %1* (&%*( &' %1&( D5G7 P 50 &.*'%&/G&'2 %1* *H&.*',* #/ 5 ,$&0* 525&'(% '5%F$*I [*/#$* %#F,1&'2 #$ 0#H&'2 5'G%1&'27 P -1#%#2$5-1 %1* (&%*( 5( P /&'. %1*0 !4&2I 8CI P *+50&'* 5'. .#,F0*'% %1* .*-#(&%&#' 5( &% &(  ! 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`*% 0#$* -#&'%*.?G %15' (**&'2 -?5(%&, 5( 5 $*-$*(*'%5%&#' #/ #F$ *2#7 D* 15H* ,$*5%*. %1* '*5$ -*$/*,% -1G(&,5? /#$0 #/ %1* /6  I =1* (**0&'2 &''#,*',* #/ .*(&$* 5'. 5--*%&%* 15( E*,#0* (F-*$(&L*.7 #H*$E?#D' (# 5( %# .*%5,1 &%(*?/ /$#0 5?? ,#''*,%&#' %# $*5?&%G7 5'. F(1*$ %1* (FE(*ZF*'% $*-$*((&#' 5((#,&5%*. D&%1 #F$ .*'&5? #/ %1* $50&/&,5%&#'( #/ ,#'%&'F*. #H*$-$#.F,%&#' #/ %1* (#?&. -$*;D5(%* 05%*$&5?I =1* *+%$*0* ,15'2* D* 15H* D$#F21% #' *5$%1 &( 15??05$K*. EG %1* /5,% %15% 5 $*,*'% MF.20*'% EG %1* P'%*$'5%&#'5? O#00&((&#' #' aF5%*$'5$G >%$5%&2$5-1G 8 7 5 D#$?.D&.* ,#00&%%** %15% .*,&.*( %1* (%$F,%F$* #/ %1* V*#?#2&, =&0* >,5?*7 15( (*% A:8S 5( 5 2#5? .5%* /#$ %1* 5..&%&#' #/ 5' *'%&$*?G '*D *-#,17 %1* @'%1$#-#,*'*I A  =1* @'%1$#-#,*'* _$5 05$K( %1* &'%*'(&/&,5%&#' #/ 1F05';E#$'* 2*#;*'2&'**$&'27 /$#0 %1* %$5--&'2 #/ '&%$#2*' %1$#F21 5.H5',*. &'.F(%$&5? /5$0&'2 %*,1'&ZF*( #/ /*$%&?&L5%&#' /#$ 05((;(,5?* /##. -$#.F,%&#' \  %# %1* -$*(*'% .5G *+%*$'5?&L5%&#' #/ %1* *5$%1U( #&?G ,#$*I 6&? .$&??&'2 2#*( /F$%1*$ 5'. .**-*$ '#D &' 0#$* *+%$*0* *'H&$#'0*'%( %# *+%$5,% %1* ?5(% .$#-( #/ /#((&? (F'?&21% %15% &( %1* ?FE$&,5'% F-#' D1&,1 %1* H5(% %*,%#'&, -?5%*( $&.*I 6&? 15( /F*?*. %1* 05((&H* &'.F(%$&5?&L5%&#' 5'. -?5'*%;D&.* %$5'(-#$% #/ %1* (FE(*ZF*'% -$#.F,%&#' &' %1* (D#??*' E*??&*( #/ %5'K*$( (F,1 5( %1* _++#' b5?.*L7 D1#(* -F$2*. -5G?#5. (%&?? 15F'%( %1* E*5,1*( 5'. ?&/* /#$0( #/ %1* '*5$EG "$&',* X&??&50 >#F'. &' @?5(K5I [F% #&? &( 5?(# %1* $5D &'2$*.&*'% #/ *H*$G ,#0-#'*'% #/ %1* -?5(%&, 5$0G '#D ?5G&'2 (&*2*I =1* #$-15' -?5(%&, #EM*,% *+&(%( &' 5 '*%1*$ D#$?.7 /F',%&#'?*((7 F'D5'%*. 5'. &' 05'G D5G( &'H&(&E?*7 EF% %1*(* .&(-?5,*. /#$0( 5$* 5,%F5??G 5' &00*'(* .&(-*$(*. (%#$*1#F(* #/ /F%F$* #&?7 B  *H*' 15H&'2 *(%&05%*. H5?F* &' %1* E&??&#'( 5'. %$&??&#'( #/ .#??5$(I ^  =1* -?5(%&, %15% 15( &'H5.*. #F$ (F$$#F'.&'2( D&?? '*H*$ .&(5--*5$I P% &( '#% #/ %1&( *5$%1 &' %1* (50* D5G 5( #%1*$ 05%*$&5?( 5$*I P%U( 5 ,#0-?*%*?G '*D (FE(%5',* D&%1 %1&( ,1&??&'2 %$F%1< *7*). 8/*5* (2 89$&%/5 *7*) +$6* (, *$)%: /& &%/99 (, *$)%:; P% D&?? E* 5?? %15% D&?? $*05&' &' 5 /F%F$* /#((&? ?5G*$7 5( @'%1$#-#,*'* %1*#$&(%( -$#-#(* '*D 2*#?#2&, ?5G*$( /F%F$* 5$,1*#?#2&(%( D&?? 5%%$&EF%* %# %1* 2*#?#2&, *-#,1 .#0&'5%*. EG 1F05'(I 8  >FE,#00&((&#' #' aF5%*$'5$G >%$5%&2$5-1G7 cX#$K&'2 V$#F- #' %1* @'%1$#-#,*'*7d 1%%-<YYDDDIZF5%*$'5$GI(%$5%&2$5-1GI#$2IFKYD#$K&'22$#F-(Y5'%1$#-#,*'*Y A  c@ Q5';05.* D#$?.7d Q5G AS7 A:887 <:* =5(,(+/&%>  1%%-<YYDDDI*,#'#0&(%I,#0Y'#.*Y8e9B89Bf \  g5?5(&*D&,L7 J5'7 Q5$K X&??&50(7 X&?? >%*//*'7 5'. "5F? O$F%L*'I A:8:I c=1* h*D X#$?. #/ %1* @'%1$#-#,*'*7d =,7/)(,+*,%$9 ?5/*,5* $,6 <*5:,(9(0.  7 BB<9< AAAe;AA\8I B  i*??5'.7 i5%*7 A::eI cj5'./&?? (&%*( 5$* E*&'2 H&*D*. 5( 0&'*( D&%1 EF$&*. $&,1*(Id '*@ A()B </+*&> @F2F(% AS  > 1%%-<YYDDDI'G%&0*(I,#0YA::eY:eYASYEF(&'*((YD#$?.EF(&'*((YAS&1%;D5(%*IBI8^S^B:ABI1%0?kl$m8n  ^  X15% D5( (-*,F?5%&H* &' A::e &( $*5?&%G '#D< %1* $*-#$%*. A:: 0&??&#' %#''*( #/ -?5(%&, &' [$&%&(1 ?5'./&??( &( H5?F*. 5% S: E&??&#' -#F'.( !o888 E&??&#' W>IC b&M5G5$5215H5'7 @K1&?5I A:88I c[*?2&5' O#0-5'G j*5.( %1* X5G &' j5'./&?? Q&'&'27d <)/89* 3",6/%;  >*-% 8SI 1%%-<YYDDDI%$&-?*-F'.&%I,#0YA:88Y:fYE*?2&5';,#0-5'G;?*5.(;?5'./&??;0&'&'2Y    Q#$* (# %15' 5'G #%1*$ (FE(%5',*7 -?5(%&, 5E(#$E( 5'. $*/?*,%( %1* -F$* '#%&#' #/ i5$? Q5$+U( p,#00#.&%G /*%&(1&(0IU S  P' 0G -$#M*,%7 %1* -$#,*(( #/ $*;5E(#$-%&#' #/ -?5(%&, &'%# ,#00#.&%G /*%&(1&(0 E*2&'( 5% %1* ,#??*,%&#' (&%*(I P #/%*' /&'.7 K**- 5'. $*F(* #EM*,%( &' %1*&$ #$&2&'5? F(*;H5?F* /F',%&#'I P 15H* /#F'. 05'G F(5E?* &%*0(7 &',?F.&'2 '*5$?G 5?D5G(7 5 -?5(%&, E52 #$ EF,K*% %# %$5'(-#$% %1* ,#??*,%&#'I P' %1&( D5G7 P $*;*'5,% 5 -5(% 5'. /F%F$* 1#0&'&. 5,%&H&%G #/ 1F'%*$;25%1*$&'2 %##?( /$#0 0G *'H&$#'0*'%I =1*(* #EM*,%( %$5'(,*'. %1*&$ (%5%F( 5( ?#(% #$ $*M*,%*. EG $*%F$'&'2 %# %1* (#,&5? D#$?. &' %1* (50* /#$0 %1*G ?*/% &%R5( $*;F(*/F? #EM*,%(I Q#$* #/%*' %1* %1&'2( P ,#??*,% /#??#D 5 0#$* *?5E#$5%* 5'. ,&$,F&%#F( $#F%* EG %$5'(,*'.&'2 %1*&$ #$&2&'5? (%5%F( 5( ,#00#.&%G %# E*,#0* -F$* /*%&(17 E*&'2 05$K*. EG %1* #,*5'U( ,#?#'&L5%&#'I !4&2 BIC 6,*5' -?5(%&, &( 5 '*D %G-* #/ ,#00#.&%G7 #'* %15% 15( &??F0&'5%*. '5%F$*U( $#?* &' %1* ,$*5%&#' #/ ,5-&%5?I =1* E$G#L#5';*',$F(%*. -5&$ #/ (F-*$1*$# ?*2( /$#0 Q&.D5G P(?5'.7 %1* 15F'%&'2 5'. *+ZF&(&%*?G ,$5,K*. (0&?&'2 ,?#D' 0#F%17 '#D (*-5$5%*. /$#0 %1* $*(% #/ %1* 15-?*(( /5,*7 #$ %1* (15$K;,1*D*. J5-5'*(* E?*5,1 E#%%?* #' 5 E*5,1 &' N*(F$$*,%&#' [5G 5?? E*,#0* (F-$*0* /*%&(1 ,#00#.&%&*( 5( %1*G (&% &' %1* (#,&5? (-5,* #/ 1&21 ,F?%F$*I =1&( %$5'(/#$05%&#' -$#,*(( /$#0 ,#'(F0*$ ,#00#.&%G /*%&(1 !F(*/F? #$ .*(&$5E?* -?5(%&, #EM*,%C %# (%5%F(;?*(( ?#(% #EM*,% !#,*5' -?5(%&,C %# $*,#H*$*.7 $*R/*%&(1&L*. ,#00#.&%G $,6   -#$%*'%;D&*?.&'2 %#+&, (G0E#? !5$% ,5-&%5?C ZF5?&/&*( %1&( 05%*$&5? 5( 5 '*D %G-* #/ ,#00#.&%GI P% &( 5 '*D (F-$*0* ,#00#.&%G E*,5F(* &% *+-$*((*( %1* p50#F'% #/ ?5E#$U %15% ,$%")*  E*(%#D(7 D$#F21% EG #,*5' /#$,*(7 5'. ,5$$&*( $*5.5E?* K'#D?*.2* #/ '5%F$*U( -#D*$( #/ 05%*$&5? -$#.F,%&#'7 %$5'(-#$% 5'. %$5'(/#$05%&#'7 ZF5?&%&*( #/ E*5F%&/&,5%&#'] EF% 5?(#7 %1* 0*((52* #/ &%( /$52&?&%G 5'. ?&0&%5%&#'(I P (** %1* -?5(%&, #/ 0G ,#??*,%&#'( 5?(# 5( 5 +$0/5 *,5.59(8*6/$; C   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h5%&H* @?5(K5'( 15. EF% %15% D* 15H* /#$2#%%*'k =1* ?5%*'% /F%&?&%G #/ ,#??*,%&#' &( '#% ?#(% #' 0*7 EF% &'%*$H*'&'2 &' -?5(%&,U( 1#$$&/G&'2 #0'&-$*(*',* &( '#% F'?&K* D&??/F??G %F$'&'2 %# /5,* %1* 0#'(%*$ &' 5 .$*507 %# *+50&'* &%( /*5%F$*( &' ,?#(* .*%5&?I P% &( 5' 5%%*0-% %# $*;25%1*$ D15% 15( E**' ?#(%7 %# F'.*$(%5'. %1* -#(&%&#' #/ 1F05'( D&%1&' %1* *',#0-5((&'2 D#$?.7 5'. %# (** %1* /F%F$* &' %1* -$#-1*%&, #EM*,%( #/ #F$ $*,*'% -5(%I [G (%5$&'2 &'%# %1* /5,* #/ -?5(%&,7 D* (** %15% &% ,5' E* E#%1 (F-$*0* ,#00#.&%G /*%&(1 $,6   (&$*' #/ 2$5H* ,#'(*ZF*',*(I P% ,5' E* E#%1 D5(%* 05%*$&5? $,6   /F%F$* /#((&? (%#$*1#F(* #/ %1* $5D 05%*$&5? #/ #&?I P% ,5' E* %1* H*1&,?* #' D1&,1 D* (5&? &'%# #F$ #D' *+%&',%&#'7 #$ %1* $&'2&'2 5?5$0 %15% D5K*( F( &'%# 5,%&#' %# %F$' %1* (1&- #/ #F$ /5%*I   S  Q5$+ D$&%*(< c=# D15% *+%*'% (#0* *,#'#0&(%( 5$* 0&(?*. EG %1* 4*%&(1&(0 &'1*$*'% &' ,#00#.&%&*(7 #$ EG %1* #EM*,%&H* 5--*5$5',* #/ %1* (#,&5? ,15$5,%*$&(%&,( #/ ?5E#F$7 &( (1#D' I I I EG %1* .F?? 5'. %*.&#F( ZF5$$*? #H*$ %1* -5$% -?5G*. EG h5%F$* &' %1* /#$05%&#' #/ *+,15'2* H5?F*I >&',* *+,15'2* H5?F* &( 5 .*/&'&%* (#,&5? 05''*$ #/ *+-$*((&'2 %1* 50#F'% #/ ?5E#F$ E*(%#D*. F-#' 5' #EM*,%7 h5%F$* 15( '# 0#$* %# .# D&%1 &%7 %15' &%  has in fixing %1* ,#F$(* #/ *+,15'2*d !Q5$+7 8f8^7 f\;fBCI Q5$+7 i5$?I 8f8^I D$8/%$9E F D)/%/G"* (2 3(9/%/5$9 =5(,(+.  7 b#?I8I =$5'(?5%*. EG >50F*? Q##$* 5'. _.D5$. @H*?&'2I _.&%*. EG 4$*.*$&,K _'2*?(I O1&,52#< O15$?*( TI i*$$ n O#0-5'GI   9  =5F((&27 Q&,15*?I A:8AIc4&*?.D#$K h#%*E##K(d /$#0 HII '(%*& J HII <:("0:%& 7 h#I ::8I O5%5?#2 #/ .6OWQ_h=@ !8\CI i5((*?< T5%M* O5'%L b*$?52I    =+>?@AB C2D 4&2F$* 8I "50 j#'2#E5$.&7 cN*(F$$*,%&#' j5'.&'27d A:887 .&2&%5? -1#%#2$5-1 4&2F$* AI "50 j#'2#E5$.&7 !"#$%$ #' (#)$*+,%-#)./01"2#3#45 #' (*3%*02 6'#0 7-2% 8 ;K> A:8A  > 88:d + 9^d + ed  > /#F'. #,*5' -?5(%&, /$#0 T5D5&&7 O#(%5 N&,57 @?5(K57 (%**? -&'(7 (&?&,#'*      4&2F$* \I "50 j#'2#E5$.&7 dq$&/%*$ 6EM*,% "#$%$5&%(7d A::S;887 .&2&%5? -1#%#2$5-1 #/ /#F'. #,*5' -?5(%&,I j %# N< +$.$,#*$6> 6)$0(,5$&%9*> #9"*9*0> 89"%(:*$6> 8/,B#9(#> 2(&&/94$@> 29(@*)#$99&> 59$@%(,0> 5$+*9,"#> %*L%&)/8> M'NM> +*9%5(9()> ",/7*)&$90",> $)+.+$,#9"*> &+$99#)$/,> &%$)&(26$7/6  .
Related Search
Similar documents
View more
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks
SAVE OUR EARTH

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!

x