Violation of Human Rights in Education System and Its Solution

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  Human Rights: Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination. Introduction of Education: Education , in the simplest term, means “the ability to read and write”; however, education is not confined to the limits of reading and writing. It also includes the culture and the taming of wild emotions as well as moral obligations. However, since all these begin with the basic understanding of written text and oral & visual training of the pupils; therefore, we may begin with the ability to read and write as initial and essential part of education.    the importance of education for  nations: Education is the part and parcel of every society. Nations rise and fall because of it. They feel glory at their education and knowledge. The realm that seeks wisdom in the form of knowledge becomes dominant. Education is necessary for the building of nation as well. An uneducated person cannot judge to what extent the Government decisions are right or wrong. He has to depend upon third person to know even about his own personal affairs.  EDUCATION SYSTEM:   The term  Education System  generally refers to public schooling, not private schooling, and more commonly to kindergarten through high school programs. Schools or school districts are typically the smallest recognized form of “Education System” and countries are the largest. States are also considered to have education systems. Simply put, an education system comprises everything that goes into educating public-school students at the federal, state, or community levels:    Laws, policies, and regulations    Public funding, resource allocations, and procedures for determining funding levels     State and district administrative offices, school facilities, and transportation vehicles    Human resources, staffing, contracts, compensation, and employee benefits    Books, computers, teaching resources, and other learning materials     And, of course, countless other contributing elements. While the term Education System  is widely and frequently used in news media and public discourse, it may be difficult to determine precisely what the term is referring to when it is used without qualification, specific examples, or additional explanation. Like the teaching profession, education systems are, by nature, extremely complex and multifaceted, and the challenges entailed in reforming or improving them can be similarly complex and multifaceted. Even reforms that appear to be straightforward, simple, or easily achieved may, in practice, require complicated state-policy changes, union-contract negotiations, school-schedule modifications, or countless other conditions. For a related discussion, see systemic reform. The world around us is changing with every second. We have got to make people aware that acknowledge is a power and they have got to acquire it with zeal. It is a religious obligation as well. No religion bars one from education; Prophet Muhammad   (PBUH)  laid special stress on the need of education thus: “Seek knowledge even you   have to travel to China.”    VIOLATION IN EDUCATION SYSTEM:   Today, education remains an inaccessible right for millions of children around the world. More than 72 million children of primary education age are not in school and 759 million adults are illiterate and do not have the awareness necessary to improve both their living conditions and those of their children.  Across the world, more than 120 million children and adolescents are absent from class.  The Education Deficit in Numbers:       Around 124 million children between 6-15 years old have either never started school or have dropped out, compared to 122 million in 2011.    Children between 12-15 years old who should be in lower secondary education are almost twice as likely to be out of school as primary school-aged children.    Some 31 million girls worldwide do not attend primary school.    Some 34 million girls are absent from secondary school.     An estimated 24 million girls may never enter school.    Some 29 million children are not in school due to conflict and displacement, including a “lost generation” of Syrian children, 2.1 million of whom do not go to  school in Syria, and nearly 1 million who live in neighboring countries as refugees.    Millions of children embroiled in forgotten emergencies — such as in the Central  African Republic, Nigeria, and South Sudan — have had their education decimated or jeopardized. Many are drawn into fighting as soldiers or forced to support armed groups.    Some populations are particularly disadvantaged, including 93 million children under 14 whom the World Health Organization in 2011 estimated have moderate or severe disabilities — an unknown number of whom are excluded from mainstream education. Ending the Education Deficit:  First and foremost, ending the education deficit means ensuring every child has a quality primary and secondary education — without the financial and systemic obstacles many face today — and that relevant governments tackle the numerous violations, abuses, or situations that keep children out of school. This in turn depends on political will to institute strong governance systems, including via the judiciary, to uphold and fulfill the right to education. It also depends on international actors who set policy globally and engage in education through technical and international cooperation. Donors, multilateral financial bodies — including the World Bank and the Global Partnership for Education, and international agencies that help governments to implement ambitious education plans should recall their responsibilities to uphold human rights standards and not compromise on key abuses that leave children out of school. This is particularly the case with international actors working with governments unwilling to provide greater protections to minorities, refugees, or persons who have been made stateless; or in cases where governments do not allocate sufficient resources to underserved areas or particular groups of children, particularly children with disabilities. All governments should:  1. Produce and publish reliable and disaggregated primary and secondary enrollment, attendance, and completion statistics by age, gender, disability at a minimum, as well as ethnicity, religion, language, and other categories, where minorities have been traditionally discriminated against. 2. Ensure national legislation includes protection for the right to education, including secondary education, consistent with international law. 3. Take steps, including through policy and monitoring, to ensure nondiscrimination, and guarantee the reasonable accommodation of children with disabilities.  4. Ensure primary education is free and ensure indirect costs do not become a barrier to access. Promptly investigate cases of children being denied access to school or being expelled from school due to an inability to pay fees or for school supplies, including uniforms. 5. Ensure national legislation protects the compulsory nature of primary education.  Adopt mechanisms to monitor the enforcement of compulsory education at a local level, including actions by school officials, parents, or community leaders which could jeopardize children’s access to education.  6. Make time-bound plans, including with international assistance, to ensure secondary education is free. 7. Outlaw all forms of corporal punishment in schools and introduce stronger guidelines to stop bullying in schools. 8. Strengthen child protection mechanisms in schools and local communities to ensure any allegations of sexual abuse, corporal punishment, or discrimination against students are promptly investigated, redressed, or prosecuted. 9. Make comprehensive sex education part of the school curriculum, ensure that teachers are trained in its content, and allocate time to teach it. 10. Increase the legal age of marriage to 18 for both men and women and monitor local compliance with this age requirement by judges, local government officials, or traditional leaders who are involved in performing or registering marriages, and enforcement by police of laws criminalizing child marriage. 11. Ensure the provision of education in crises and displacement, and adopt special measures to ensure children can continue to go to school in highly insecure areas, including by reducing the distance to school, offering distance learning programs, and setting up protective spaces for girls and teachers. 12. Endorse the Safe Schools Declaration and implement the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict. Right to Access Inclusive, Quality Education:  The C onvention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) promotes “the goal of full inclusion”   while at the same time considering “the best interests of the child.”  Children with disabilities should be guaranteed equality in the entire process of their education. The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), the United Nations human rights agency, states that: “  The right of persons with disabilities to receive education in mainstream schools is included in article 24-2-A, which states that no student can be rejected from general education on the basis of disability. As an anti- discrimination measure, the “no -rejection clause” has immediate effect and is reinforced by reasonable accommodation… forbidding the denial of admission into mainstream schools and guaranteeing continuity in education. Impairment based assessment to assign schools should be discontinued
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