The Chesapeake Tobacco Coast Maryland: • Home to Catholics • | Jamestown, Virginia | Slavery

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  The Chesapeake Tobacco Coast Maryland: ã Home to Catholics ã Started by George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) ã Protestants become majority Virginia/ Chesapeake Life: ã A “rude shock” for settlers and investors ã Saved by the “jovial weed” – tobacco ã Need people though – scarcity of labor (again!) ã Indentured servants to farm the tobacco (worked for 7 years, then got free land – 1/20 actually received the land) ã English = indentured, Spain = forced labor, Portugal = slaves ã Jamestown settled 1607
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  The Chesapeake Tobacco Coast Maryland: ã Home to Catholics ã Started by George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) ã Protestants become majorityVirginia/ Chesapeake Life: ã A “rude shock” for settlers and investors ã Saved by the “jovial weed” – tobacco ã  Need people though – scarcity of labor (again!) ã Indentured servants to farm the tobacco (worked for 7 years, then got free land – 1/20 actually received the land) ã English = indentured, Spain = forced labor, Portugal = slaves ã Jamestown settled 1607 ã Heard good things about the New World – Spain – but life was terrible ã People didn’t think they had to work, many starved ã Disease, muggy, hot, malaria (9/10 of the first 900 died) ã John Smith and Virginia Company – joint stock companies ã Funded by middle class and wealthy citizens ^ ã Land of immigrants ã Mostly men, women very scarce (no family units) ã Churches and school slow to develop Conflict in the Chesapeake Powhatan Violence: ã Indians from VA/ Chesapeake area ã Increase in population  TOBACCO  increase in tension ã 1622: Powhatan killed ¼ of all whites ã Colonists become militant, want landBacon’s Rebellion: ã War among a group of colonists against the natives ã Rich planters vs. poor planters ã Disgust for Berkeley ã Lower class needed the land, rich farmers didn’t need it ã High taxes by Berk  ã First conflict of royal gov’t and colonists ã Started attacking villages – friendly and unfriendly ã Burned down Jamestown, Berk flees ã Bacon died, Berkeley returnsOutcomes:1.Increase in available land  quiets discontent2.Established planters realize they needed a more docile workforce  slave labor 3.Set a precedent for future colonial rebellions for large planters vs. smaller  yeoman farmers  Carolina Colonies:  North: ã Tobacco ã Diversified economy (lumber, tar) ã Yeoman farmers ã Slavery slower to take hold ã Immigration from the Chesapeake colonies ã Stronger, healthier families ã  Naval stores – ship buildingSouth: ã Rice!! (Labor-intensive) ã Immediate slavery ã Immigration from Barbados – slave sugar plantations ã Weak family and social life ã Brutal swamp land ã 90% slave population, ½ of economy in slaves ã A slave would cost, in today’s money, 146$ ã Harsh and inhumane slave codes ã  N and S Carolina split in 1701 ã AnglicanPennsylvania and the Quakers: ã THEME: Foreshadows the religious and ethnic pluralism of the United Statesmore than any other country (p 77) ã Colon set up to establish the ideal religious society ã Pose and affront to many traditional views (believed in: no war, women participate, commoners given all rights) ã William Penn – religious freedom ã Peaceful men and women were welcome ã Peaceful relations with Indians, Penn buys land from them (unheard of) ã Family life prized, civil institutions grew quickly ã Most fertile land of all the colonies – “break basket”  agriculture boomed ã Had to marry in Quaker community, limit family size, weak leaders ã LIBERAL
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