Referat Fond Monet Internation

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  UNIVERSITATEA DE VEST “VASILE GOLDIŞ” ARADFACULTATEA DE ŞTIINŢE JURIDICEMASTERAT: ADMINISTRAŢIA PUBLICĂ IN CONTEXTUL LEGISLAŢIEI ACTUALE R E F E R A T F.M.I - o institutie globala  MASTERAND    FMI - o institutie globala FMI a fos !o !#$% & &%'&# ()** 'a o !o f#+& a a Na&% &'o+ U &# & %a 'a B+#o ,oo-s. N#/0#1$s2&+#.U3S3A !a - +#$+#4# a && a *5 -# 6%7#+ # a% sa8&'& -# !o1% a!o+- sa $% a 8a4#'# % #&& s&%&& $# +% !oo$#+a+# #!o o1&!a. $+o&#!aa $# +% a #7&a o +#$#a+# a $o'&&!&'o+ #!o o1&!#-#4as+%oas# a% !o +&8%& 'a 1a+#a !+&4a -& a %' ()93I &1$%' a!#'#& -#!a-# $# 1as%+a !# $%#+#a !#'o+ 1a& $%#+ &! & -%s+&a'&4a# sa# s!a-#a.a!#s#aa% & !#+!a sa;s& a$#+# #!o o1&&'# $+& !+#s#+#a +#s+&!&&'o+ as%$+a &1$o+%+&'o+. $+& +#s+&!&& & !##a!# $+&7#s# a!2&4&&a 8% %+&'o+ -# $#s# 2oa+# s& -#& #+#a -# 1o #-a s+a& a &1$%s# !#a# &'o+3Da+ a!#s# 1as%+& % a% fos $o+&7&# s&a%&#& -#oa+#!# #'# % a% fa!% -#!a sa & 6+#% #4# !o1#+%'#<#+ . sa 1&!so+#4# 7# &%+&'# s& sa !+#as!a +aa so1a=%'%&3Asf#' &7#'%' -# +a& & a!#s# sa# a & +a& +;% -#!'& a!%3P# 1as%+a !# A' Do&'#a Ra48o& Mo -&a' '%a sfa+s& sa#'# a'&a# f+% as# a% & !#$% sa!o %+#4# 7a+&a# $'a %+& $# +% a +#sa%+a o+-& #a & +#'a&&'# 1o #a+# & #+ a&o a'#. asf#' !a 'a!o f#+& a -# 'a B+#o ,oo-s a '%a as#+# FMI3O8&#!&7#'# a!#s#& & s&%&& a% fos a!#'#as& a% !&!a - a fos & f&& aa !a s& !#'# -& $#+&oa-a a!%a'a3D& a!#a $#+&oa-a s;a% !o sa !+#s#+& a'#7# &%+&'o+ fa+a $+#!#-# . s& -#s& 8# #f&!&&'# !+#s#+&& #!o o1&!# % s;a% 1a &f#sa & 1o- #6a' $# +%oa# sa#'#. 1a=o+&a#a a% !% os!% $+os$#+&a# !a+# !o +as#a4a & 1o- s$#!&a' !% $#+&oa-a & !a+#a% a7% 'o! 1a+&'# !o f'a6+a>&&3O8&#!&7#'# s& +o'%' Fo -%'%& Mo #a+ -# I 7#s&&& a% -#7# & -& !# & !# 1a& &1$o+a # s& -& s&1$'a !a%4a a !+#s#+&& %1a+%'%& -# 1#18+&3A!#s %1a+ -# sa# 1#18+# a !+#s!% -# $#s# * o+&faa -# & &&a'%' -# *5 -# sa# &1$'&!a# & !+##a+#a '%&. fa$ !# +#f'#!a o8& #+#a & -#$# -# #& $o'&&!#a 1a& 1%'o+ sa# & !%+s -# -#47o'a+# s& 1a& +#!#  a !o'a$s%'%& 8'o!%'%& so7&#&!3E<$a s&% # %1a+%'%& -# sa# 1#18+# &1$+#% a !% s!2&18a+&'# $#+#!%# & #!o o1&a 1o -&a'a a% o8'&6aFo -%' Mo #a+ I #+ a&o a' sa s# a-a$#4# & +;o 1a+# 7a+&#a# -# 1o-%+& $# +% a !o & %a sas#+7#as!a a!#'#as& s!o$%+& & 1o- #f&!&# 3A'a%+& -# FMI & ()** a fos !+#aa ?BIRD@ Ba !a I #+ a&o a'a $# +% R#!o s+%!&# s&D#47o'a+#. !% os!%a s& s%8 %1#'# -# Ba !a Mo -&a'a. !a+# a fos !+#aa $# +% -#47o'a+##!o o1&!a $# #+1# '% 6. & !'%4a - f& a a+#a $+o&#!#'o+ -# & f+as+%!%+a3I &1$ !# FMI #s# $+#o!%$a !% $#+fo+1a a s& $o'&&!& f& a !&a+# 1a!+o#!o o1&!# BIRD s# o!%$a !% -#47o'a+#a $##+1# '% 6 s& so'%&& $# +% #'&1& a+#a sa+a!&#& 'a &7#' 1o -&a'3Ca - FMI s& BIRD a% fos !+#a#. s# a7#a & 7#-#+# a$a+&&a % #& o& o+6a &4a&& $# +% a $+o1o7a '&8#+a'&4a+#a !o1#+%'%& & #+ a&o a'. -#s& a% +#8%& sa +#a!a 1a& 8& # -# 5 -# a & $a a!a - ,o+'- T+a-# O+6a &4a&o sa f&# & f&& aa?())5@3I a && $+#!#-# & $+o8'#1#'# & 1a#+&# -#!o1#+ f&& - +#4o'7a# $+& ?AGTT@ A!o+-%' G# #+a' !% $+&7&+# 'a Ta+&f# s& Co1#+3Asf#' Fo -%' Mo #a+ I #+ a&o a' #s# o o6a &4a&# a Na&% &'o+ U &# & f&& aa $+& +aa%'-& ()*5 $# +% a a=%a s& a &18% aa& “sa aa#a” s&s#1%'%& #!o o1&! 1o -&a'3S#-&% FMI #s#'o!a'&4a & ,as2& 6o D3C. s& #s# !o -%s -# !#'# (* -# a+& 1#18+#3FMI #s# & s&%&a !# +a'a a s&s#1%'%& 1o #a+ & #+ a&o a';s&s#1 -# $'aa s& +a# -# s!2&18& +# 1o #-#'# a&o a'#.!# $#+1&# -#sfas%+a+#a afa!#+&'o+ & +# -&f#+&# sa#3O8&#!&7#'# FMI s% : I. P+o1o7a+#a !oo$#+a+&& $# $'a f& a !&a+ $+& +;o & s&%&# !a+# as&6%+a 8a4a 1#!a &s1%'%& $# +% !o s%'a&# s& !o'a8o+a+# & $+&7&& a $+o8'#1#'o+ 1o #a+# & #+ a&o a'#3(  II. Fa!&'&a+#a #<$a s&% && s& !+#s#+&& #!2&'&8+a# a !o1#+%'%& & #+ a&o a'.s& !o +&8%&a 'a1# & #+#a % %& &7#' !a 1a& s!a4% a' +a#& so1a=%'%&. !+#s#+#a 7# &%'%& # s& -#47o'a+#a+#s%+s#'o+ $+o-%!&7# !a o8&#!&7 $+& !&$a' a' $o'&&!&& #!o o1&!# a$'&!a# & a+&'# 1#18+#3 III. P+o1o7a+#a sa8&'&a&& +a#'o+ -# s!2&18 s& #7&a+#a -#$+#!&a+&& 1o #-#'o+ -ao+aa s!2&18%'%&-# a%+a !o !%+# &a'a3 IV. As&s# a & sa8&'&+#a % %& s&s#1 1%'&'a#+a' -# $'aa.!a+# a+ #'&1& a a %1&# +#s+&!&& !a+#& !#& #s! & # s&f&!a+#a !o1#+%'%& & #+ a&o a'3 V. D# a -a & !+#-#+# a+&'o+ 1#18+# $+& a!!#s%' #1$o+a+ 'a +#s%+s#'# $+o$+&&. -#!& as&6%+a -%;'#sa sa -# a !o+#!a #a=% s%+&'# #<&s# # & 8a'a a -# $'a&. fa+a !a fa+a !a sa#'# a!#s#a sa f&# #7o&# sa +#!%+6a 'a 1as%+& -&s+%!&7# faa -# $+o$+&#a#a a&o a'a s& & #+ a&o a'a3 VI. I !o !o+-a a !% !#'# 1# &o a# 1a& s%s sa 1&!so+#4# -%+aa s& 6+a-%' -# -#4#!2&'&8+% &  8a'a a -# $'a& a sa#'o+ 1#18+#P# +% +#a'&4a+#a a!#so+ o8&#!&7# FMI: ã Mo &o+&4#a4a s!2&18a+&'# s& $o'&&!&'# #!o o1&!# s& f& a !&a+# & a+&'# 1#18+# s& 'a &7#'6'o8a'.s& as&6%+a !o s%'a a & a!#s -o1# &% a+&'o+ 1#18+#. a7a - !a 8a4a !#& 5 -# a & -##<$#+&# a3S$+# #<#1$'%:  I a a'&4a a %a'a a #!o o1&#& =a$o #4# $# +% a %' .FMI sfa%&#s# 6%7#+ %' =a$o #4sa sa s&1%'#4# !+#s#+#a #!o o1&!a $+& $as+a+#a &7#'%'%& sa!4% a' +a#& -o8a 4&&.& !%+a=a - +#s+%!%+a+#a !o+$o+a&&'o+ s& 8a !&'o+ s& $+o1o7a - !o !%+# a3 ã A!o+-a &1$+%1%%+& a+&'o+ 1#18+# !a+# a% $+o8'#1# & a=%sa+#a 8a'a #& -# $'a&. % -oa+  $# +% a a!o+-a a=%o+ f& a !&a+ #1$o+a+. -a+ $# +% a s%s& # a=%sa+#a s& +#fo+1a+# $o'&&!&&#!o o1&!# . a!&% # & -+#$aa s$+# #'&1& a+#a -#f#!#'o+ s& $+o8'#1#'o+ #<&s# #3S$+##<#1$'%:  I &1$%' !+&4#& f& a !&a+# -& As&a?());())@ FMI a!&o #a4a +a$&- $# +% a a=%a o+##asa;s& +#fo+1#4# #!o o1&a $+& +;% &1$+%1% -# ( 1&'&a+-# 3 ã As&6%+a 6%7#+ #'o+ s& 8a !&'o+ !# +a'# a'# sa#'o+ 1#18+# as&s# a #2 &!a s& $os&8&'&a& -#+a& &6 & a!#s -o1# &% -# #<$#+&4a3S$+# #<#1$'%:  D%$a !o'a$s%' U &% && So7&#&!#.FMI a=%a 8a !&'# !# +a'# a'# sa#'o+ 8a'&!#. R%s&a s& a'#a'o+ fos# sa# so7&#&!# sa;s& sa8&'#as!a % o% s&s#1 -# #4a%+&4a+# & +#!#+#a 'a#!o o1&a -# $&aa3P+& !&$a'a $+#o!%$a+# a FMI:$o'&&!&'# 1a!+o#!o o1&!# s& -# s#!o+ f& a !&a+ I s%$+a7#62#+#a $o'&&!&'o+ #!o o1&!# a'# sa#'o+ 1#18+# s# o8s#+7a fa$%' !a FMI #s#& #+#sa & $+& !&$a' -# $#+fo+1a a % #& #!o o1&& !a % o  a-#s#a +#f#+& -%;s# 'a $#+fo+1a #'# #&1a!+o#!o o1&!#.a!#s#a !%$+& 4a - oa'%' !2#'%&#'&'o+. 7# &%+&'#. +aa so1a=%'%&. & f'a&a. +aaso1a=%'%& & sa%' +#s$#!&7. $+#!%1 s& 8a'a a -# $'a& a a!#s%&a3FMI &s& !o !# +#a4a a# &a & 1o- -#os#8& as%$+a $o'&&!&'o+ 1a!+o#!o o1&!#  !##a !#& s#a1 a s+a#6&& +#f#+&oa+# 'a 8%6#%' 6%7#+ %'%&.1a a6#1# %' 8a &'o+ s& !+#-&%'%&. s& +aa -#s!2&18  s& a $o'&&!&'o+ -# s#!o+ f& a !&a+. & !'%4a - s%$+a7#62#+#a 8a !&'o+ s& a a'o+ & s&%&&f& a !&a+#3I $'%s FMI a!o+-a a# &# 8& #1#+&aa $o'&&!&'o+ s+%!%+a'# !a+# s%  !a$a8&'# sa af#!#4#  & 1as%+a -#s%' -# 1a+# $#+fo+1a #'# 'a &7#' 1a!+o#!o o1&!  !##a !# & !'%-# $o'&&!a saa'a faa-# $&aa 1% !&&. !a+# af#!#a4a +aa so1a=%'%& s& !+#s#+#a sa% s!a-#+#a &7#'%'%& sa'a+&%'%& -# 8a4a3FMI of#+a !o s%'a a f&#!a+%& 1#18+% & !##a !# $+&7#s# 1o-%' -# a8o+-a+# a a!#so+ a+&&1# &o a# 1a& s%s. $# +% a $#+1&# +#a'&4a+#a o8&#!&7#'o+ !% o #f&!&# a !+#s!%a ; o8&#!&7# $+#!%1: & f'a&# s& +aa a so1a=%'%& s!a4%a s& !+#s#+# #!o o1&!a s%s& %a3D# % -# &s& o8& # FMI +#s%+s#'# f& a !&a+#R#s%+s#'# FMI 7& # & 1a+# $a+# -& !a$&a'%' s%8s!+&s $# !a+# sa#'# &' -#$% !a - & +a & a!#asa o+6a &4a&#. sa% -& +#7&4%&+& $#+&o-&!# a'# a!#so+ !o# !a+# $o f& 1a+&#3Sa#'# 1#18+# $'a#s! 5H -& !a$&a'%' s%8s!+&s & ?DSR@ D+#$%+& S$#!&a'# -# T+a6#+#. sa%1o #-# -# !&+!%'a&# & #+ a&o a'a !%1 a+ f& -o''a+%' a1#+&!a sa% # %' =a$o #4& !##a !# $+&7#s#+#s%' -# 5H a' s%1#& FMI $oa# !#+# sa%'%& +#s$#!&7 sa &' $'a#as!a & 1o #-a $+o$+&#3A!#s# !o# $'a&# -##+1& a $%#+#a 7o%'%& -#& %a -# % sa & !a-+%' FMI. !a &a#a -# 8a & !% !a+# a!#sa $oa# f& f& a a & !a4 -# #7o&#. sa% !2&a+ $+o!# %' -#& % & D+#$%+& S$#!&a'# -# T+a6#+#3Asf#' !oa $'a&a -# o&& 1#18+&& #s# $+o$o+&o a'a !% 1a+&1#a +#'a&7a a #!o o1&#& sa%'%& & !a-+%' #!o o1&#& 1o -&a'#3D#!& S3U3A a7a - !#a 1a& $%#+ &!a #!o o1&# !o +&8%&# !% !#a 1a& 1a+# $a+# -& oa'%' !o#'o+ a-&!a (.KH3C& # &a -#!&4&&'# & !a-+%' FMICo s&'&%' -# G%7#+ a+#  & !a+# f&#!a+# a+a 1#18+a #s# +#$+#4# aa. #s# !#a 1a& 1a+#a%o+&a# & !a-+%' FMI. s# & +% #s# a %a' o-aa !% I a' &+#a A %a'a a FMI s& a Ba !&&Mo -&a'#3F&#!a+# sa 1a18+% sa8&'#s# % 6%7#+ ao+ ? -# o8&!#& 1& &s+%' -# f& a # sa% $+#s#-& #'# Ba !&& C# +a'#@s& % 6%7#+ ao+ a'#+ a&73Co s&'&%' -# G%7#+ a+# -#!&-# !%1 s# $+o!#-#a4a & !a4%' $+o8'#1#'o+ 1a=o+#. 'asa - -#!&4&&'# -# 4& !% 4& Co s&'&%'%& E<#!%&73P+o8'#1# !2#&# !% $+&7&+# 'a s&s#1%' 1o #a+ & #+ a&o a' s%  '%a# & !o s&-#+a+# -#  o+& $#a & +;% !o1&# a' G%7#+ ao+&'o+ %1& Co1&#%' F& a !&a+ Mo #a+ I #+ a&o a' ?CMFI@3U !o1&# !o1% a' Co s&'&%'%& -# G%7#+ ao+ s& a' Ba !&& Mo -&a'# +a$o+#a4a G%7#+ ao+&'o+ s!2&18a+&'# -# $o'&&!a 1o #a+a s& a'# $+o8'#1# !# $+&7#s! a+&'# & !%+s -# -#47o'a+#3Co s&'&%' E<#!%&7 #s# a'!a%& -& * -# -&+#!o+& #<#!%&7&. &1$+#% a !% % -&+#!o+ !a+# $+#4&-#a4a a!#s !o s&'&%3E& s# & a' #s! -# o8&!#& -# 9 o+& $# sa$a1a a. & s#s&% & !# a% !a -%+aa o 4&& +#a6a.s& !2&a+ s& 1a& -#s -a!a #s# #!#sa+3I a' &+&'# a% 'o! 'a s#-&%' o+6a &4a&#& & ,as2& 6o D3C3P+& !&$a'#'# sa# 1#18+# a% +#$+#4# a & & a!#s !o s&'&% & 1o- $#+1a # . !#'#'a'# (K 'o!%+&f&& - a'#s# $# #+1# -#  a & -# 6+%$%+& -# sa#3S$+# -#os#8&+# -# a'# & s&%&& -# a!#s 6# !a+#fo'os#s! $+& !&$&%'; f&#!a+# sa a+# % 7o  & !a-+%' FMI 7o%' f&#!a+%& sa #s# $+o$o+&o a' !%1a+&1#a !a$&a'%'%& 7a+sa3Asf#' $+& !&$a'#'# 1#18+# a% % 'o! $#+1a #  & a!#s Co s&'&%.!#'#'a'#(K 'o!%+& f&& - &1$a+&# & +# +#s%' sa#'o+ 1#18+#. -&#+!o+&& f&& - a'#s& $# +% $#+&oa-# -#  a & $#6+%$%+& -# a+&3Co s&'&%' #<#!%&7 &s& a'#6# % $+#s#-& # s& % %' sa% -o%a a=%oa+# -&+#!# $# +% a!#sa-& +# $+o$+&& 1#18+&3A!#sa !o -%!# afa!#+&'# FMI s%8 -&+#!&7#'# & +#6%'%& !o s&'&% $# !a+# &' $+#4&-#a4a3Do!%1# #'# !a+# as&6%+a 8a4a -#'&8#+a+&'o+ fa!%# -# Co s&'%' E<#!%&7 s& !#' -# G%7#+ a+# s% +#a'&4a# -# Saff;%' FMI !a+# !%$+& -# $#s#  -# a 6a=a& !&7&'& -& -&f#+&# sa#3C# #s# % D+#$ S$#!&a' -# T+a6#+#9
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