Reconstruction of two important Hallstatt graves excavated in 1899 at Ivanec near Družinska vas in the vicinity of Šmarjeta (uploaded 21. 8. 2014)

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  1 Research Task No. 11 Reconstruction of two important Hallstatt graves excavated in 1899 at Ivanec near Družinska  vas in the vicinity of Šmarjeta (uploaded 21. 8. 2014) Introduction In September and October 1899 Ferdinand Schulz,  the assistant of the Regional Museum of Carniola in Ljubljana, excavated three Hallstatt period tumuli at the Ivanec cemetery near Družinska vas  below the Iron Age settlement of Veliki Vinji vrh in Dolenjska. All finds were typologically inventoried by the curator Alfons Müllner  in the sequence weapons, horse gear, belt plates and attachments, fibulae, annular jewellery, necklaces, bronze and ceramic vessels (Narodni muzej Slovenije in Ljubljana, Inv. Nos. P 4842  –  4921). Several notes published after the excavation quote only the quantities of the various types of finds excavated. One of them was published in Obravnave deželnega zbora kranjskega   41, 1900, Letno poročilo 186:   Translation: In the month of September some tumuli near Bela Cerkev were excavated with the support of 300 florins from the savings bank of Carniola, bought by the management of the museum already in previous years. The most abundant was one tumulus, measuring 16.5 m in diameter and 3.65 m in height. Here were found 11 anklets, 8 bracelets, some with ram’s and snake’s heads, 8 smaller rings, 13 fibulae, one with blue glass, 1 torc of 22.5 cm diameter, 1 hair pin, 1 hair ornament, 3 belt plates, 10 small bronze ornaments, 2 decorated vessels (situlae), 3 iron axes, 5 iron spearheads, 2 knives, several spindle whorls, countless decorated glass and amber beads, 10 well preserved  pots, bowls and small bowls; several are broken, but it will be possible to restore them. The most famous is a well preserved bronze helmet with a double crest and a brim. Vida Stare  presented these finds in her 1973 monograph on the Iron Age cemeteries below Veliki Vinji vrh in a separate chapter named Družinska vas (pp. 45  –  48 and pls. 58  –  64), in which she mixed them with the finds from two other tumuli, excavated at the same site in 1897 by Ignac Kušljan (cf. Anja Dular 1991, Šmarjeta   II, p. 31, Ivanec bei Družinska vas). The following finds  2 represented on plates 58 to 64 were found in the three tumuli excavated by Schulz : pl. 58: 7  –  10, 12  –  13; pl. 59: 2  –  9, 12, 14  –  17; pl. 60: 2, 5  –  16, 20  –  21; pl. 61: 1  –  7, 9  –  10, 12  –  13; pl. 62: 2  –  4; pl. 63: 1  –  5, 7, 22, 26  –  30; pl. 64: 1  –  4. A manuscript report of Schulz , kept in the Archives of the Republic of Slovenia, at least enables a partial reconstruction of some important grave groups, found in 1899 in the tumuli at Ivanec near Družinska vas.   Two paragraphs from the report of Ferdinand Schulz, written on October 27, 1899. Tasks 1 st : Schulz gave this description of the female grave 3/4 : “eine Leiche mit zwei großen Fußringen, zwei hohle Armringe, Haarschmuck schlecht erhalten, eine Glasfibel blau, eine Certosafibel, mehrere hundert Glasperlen, darunter neue, die Funde lagen 130 cm tief.“ Translate the description of the grave into English! Determine the anklets , one of the two bracelets  and the fibulae ! Pairs of anklets were also found in graves 3/6, 3/7 and 3/16, but they were described by Schulz only as »zwei Fußringe = two anklets«. Try to date the grave! For the dating of the glass fibula cf. the research task No. 10.  3 Finds from Ivanec near Družinska vas (Stare 1973, pl. 61).  4 Finds from Ivanec near Družinska vas (Stare 1973, pl. 60).  5 2 nd : Schulz described the warrior grave 3/14 with the following words: “eine Bronceschale schlecht erhalten lag bei den Füssen einer Leiche, nebenan ein Fußring hübsch gemacht, die Enden mit Widderköpfen verziert (neu) an der rechten Seite des Helm (Kopfes) lagen zwei Situla (neu), von Knochen waren nur einzelne Spuren. Die Leiche lag die Füsse gegen Süden den Kopf gegen Osten gewendet, 145 cm tief. (…) Helm und Situla lagen bei Leiche No. 14 sch on stark am östlichen Rand des Tumulus.“ Finds from Ivanec near Družinska vas (Stare 1973, pl. 62).
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