QUY CHU N K THU T QU C GIA 0 1 A 0 1 E D E 1 E A 2 1 E A 4 1 E F 0 1 E A 8 1 E E 6 1 E A 2 0 1 A F 0 1 A 0 NGUYÊN T C HACCP Fisheries Food Business Operators –HACCP Based Program for Quality and Safety Assurance L I NÓI Đ U

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  QUY CHU N K THU T QU C GIA 0 1 A 0 1 E D E 1 E A 2 1 E A 4 1 E F 0 1 E A 8 1 E E 6 1 E A 2 0 1 A F 0 1 A 0 NGUYÊN T C HACCP Fisheries Food Business Operators –HACCP Based Program for Quality and Safety Assurance L I NÓI Đ U
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  CỘNG HOÀ XÃ HỘI CHỦ NGHĨA VIỆT NAM QCVN 02-02: 2009 /BNNPTNTQUY CHUẨN KỸ THUẬT QUỐC GIACƠ SỞ SẢN XUẤT KINH !ANH TH"C PHẨ# TH$Y SẢN % CH&ƠNGT'(NH )Ả# BẢ! CHẤT *&+NG V, AN T!,N TH"C PHẨ# TH!NGUY.N TC HACCP Fisheries Food Business Operators –HACCP Based Program for Quality and Safety Assurance *I N1I )U QCVN.02-02: 2009/BNNPTNT do Cụ Q!"# $% C&'( $)*#+ N,#+ $ "# 1 T&3 "#  456# o7#8 Vụ &o &; C,#+ #+&< 1 M,5 (=)>#+ (=?#& d!3<( 1 @)* 4# &1#&  (&o T&,#+ () DE/2009/TT-BNNPTNT #+13 F (&#+ E # 2009  BJ N,#+ N+&5<K 1 P&( (=5L# #,#+ (&,#  CƠ SỞ SẢN XUẤT3 KINH !ANH TH"C PHẨ# TH$Y SẢN % CH&ƠNGT'(NH )Ả# BẢ! CHẤT *&+NG V, AN T!,N TH"C PHẨ# TH!NGUY.N TC HACCP  Fisheries Food Business Operators - HACCP Based Program for Quality and Safety Assurance C45678  QUY );NH CHUNG P4<= >? @? 4D74 Q!3 &!# #13 !3 @#& 36! !8 #J5 d!#+8 (=?#& ( K dụ#+ &)R#+ (=?#& !"# $% &'( $)*#+ (&o #+!36# (S HACCP @L @" 4"o # (o1# (& K& (&3 "#. 2 )E? F578  J78 Q!3 &!# #13 K dụ#+ &o  R  "# U!'( 5#& do#& (&! "# dW#+ $1 (& K&d)Y5 @3 +;5 (S( $1 cơ sở  Z (&!J K&7 5 !"# $%  BJ N,#+ #+&5<K 1 P&( (=5L# #,#+ (&,# (=6#    K&7 5 " #)Y. L G?M? F44 F4OF 78  T=o#+ !3 &!# #138  (&![( #+\ d)Y5 @3 @)* &5L! #&) ! :.F..  HACCP : T6# (S(  ụ (] (5^#+ A#& _ H`=d A#$35 #d C=5(5$ Co#(=o$ Po5#(   _ 8 a #+&b $1 _ P&# (c& 5 #+!3 1 5L o( @5L (Y5 &7# _..F.2. !u c"u ti!n #uy$t %&i '(i HACCP   Prere#uisites for HACCP  Z: C 36! ! e R  [( &'(8 !3 K&7 "# U!'( 1 !3 K&7 < 5#& # (&5^( @L @" 4"o #&\#+ @5e! 5<# R 4"# &o &)R#+ (=?#& HACCP &o7( @J#+ a &5<! !"..F.F. Quy ph)m s*n +u,t    ood .anufacturing Practice  - 5^( (S( $1 .P  Z: N&\#+ 45<# K&K8 (&o ( (& &1#& # K&"5 (!# (&8 #&f 5L o( ;5 3^! ( "#& &)#+ (Y5 ! (=?#& &?#& (&1#& &'( $)*#+ "# K&. .F.D. Quy ph)m '/ sinh   Sanitation Standard Operating Procedure  - 5^( (S( $1 SSOP0 &og ood Hygien Practices - HP  Z: Q!3 (=?#& $1 < 5#& 1 (& (ụ 5L o( < 5#&(75 R . .F.h.  1$ ho)ch HACCP     HACCP Plan Z: T15 $5<! @)* U3 d#+ (&o  #+!36# (S  HACCP8 #&f 5L o(  5 #+!3 @#+ L @5 Y5 # (o1# (& K& (=o#+ (o1# 4J d3 &!3e# &^ 45^# (& K&..F.i.  2h3m s*n ph4m t5ơng t6    Similar Product roup Z: N&a  "# K& a !3 (=?#& ,#+ #+&< ()R#+ ( 1 a W#+ j #+!3 R &5 k dụ#+..F.E.  78i HACCP     HACCP 9eam Z: N&a #+)>5 @)* +5o (=& #&5< U3 d#+ 1 (l &j (& &5<# ^ &o7& HACCP (75 m5 R ..F.n.  .&i nguy    Ha:ard  Z: B'(  3^! ( 5#& &;8 &o &;8 &og [( $% #1o a (&L $1 &o (& K& '( # (o1#8 +3 &75 &o j &op #+)>5 (56! dW#+..F.9.  .&i nguy %;ng <=    Significant ha:ard  Z: M5 #+!3 a #&5e! &" ##+ U3 =8 +3 &[! !" #+&56 (=;#+ &o j &op  #+)>5 (56! dW#+..F.0.  Ph>n t?ch m&i nguy    Ha:ard Analysis Z8 ho@c nhn di/n m&i nguy    dentification of ha:ards Z: Q! (=?#& (&! (&[K8 @#& +5 (&,#+ (5# e  5 #+!3 1 @5e! 5<# dq# @^#   U!'( &5<#  5 #+!3 @a8 #&f U @#& 5 #+!3 @#+ L @5 Y5 # (o1# (&  K& # @)* 5L o( (=o#+ ^ &o7& HACCP..F..  Bi/n ph;p phng ngDa    Pre'enti'e .easures Z: C K&)R#+ K&K [( $%8 &o &; &og  (& (ụ @)* (& &5<# @L #+# #+] 5< U"3 =  5 #+!3 a (&L $1 '( # (o1# (& K&..F.2. Sơ %E #uy$t %nh    Gecision 9ree Z: C,#+ ụ &m (=* a (&L @)* K dụ#+ @L U @#& @5L 5L o( (Y5 &7# CCPZ 4o +r J( &!m5  ! &s5 SK U^K (&o (=?#& (..F.F.  7i=m <i=m so;t t(i h)n   Critical Control Point   - 5^( (S( $1 CCP  Z: C,#+ @o7# "#U!'(8 (75 @a  45<# K&K 5L o( @)* (& &5<# @L #+# #+]8 $o75 (=] &og +5" (&5L! (Y5 j &'K #&[# @)* 5 #+!3 @5 Y5 # (o1# (& K&..F.D. i(i h)n t(i h)n   Critical imit  Z: Mj +5 (=   &t (56! &og (56! &c @)* U @#& &o (]#+ 45<# K&K (75 m5 @5L 5L o( (Y5 &7# @L 5L o( @)* 5 #+!3@a..F.h. 9hI tJc gi;m s;t CCP    CCP .onitoring  Z: V5< !# (8 @o @^ &og  K&uK  K&# (c& a &< (&#+ #&f @" 4"o &o !3 (=?#&8 (& (ụ (75 m5 @5L 5L o( (Y5 &7# CCPZ @)* (& &5<# @3 @ (&o ^ &o7& HACCP..F.i.  HKnh %8ng sLa chMa   Correcti'e Action Z: C &1#& @J#+ @)* d 5^# K&"5 (&&5<# &5 +5Y5 &7# (Y5 &7# 4 5 K&7 #&f &S K&ụ &[! !" 1 #+# #+]  (5 d5v#  5 K&7 @a..F.E. 9h4m tra HACCP     HACCP Nerification Z: V5< K dụ#+  K&)R#+ K&K8 (& (ụ8 K&uK (&k 1  & @#& +5 & #&f U Uu( (c#& &*K $%  ^ &o7& HACCP1 U @#&  (!# (& (&o ^ &o7& HACCP (=o#+ (& (^ "# U!'(..F.n. Ch5ơng trnh HACCP     HACCP Program Z - (6# +;5 (S(  C&)R#+ (=?#& Q!"# $%C&'( $)*#+ 1 A# (o1# T& K& (&o HACCP: w1 &< (&#+  45<# K&K 1 R  Kdụ#+ #&f @" 4"o # (o1# (& K& 1 &'( $)*#+ "# K&x @)* U3 d#+ (=6# !# @5L K&# (c& 1 5L o( 5 #+!3 (=)Y &5 &y#+ U"3 =8 4o +r "  (& (ụ ( (& (= 1 &5<! &t#& &)R#+ (=?#&..F.9. Sơ ch$  : $1 &o7( @J#+ &5 (& = (]#+ K&#8 4s U)R#+8 $J( d8 $1 7&8 4a s8  4/#+&5e#8 # s#+8 $1 $7#&8 @,#+ $7#& &3 =z @,#+..F.20. Ch$ i$n : $1 4'( ? &o7( @J#+ #1o e # 4"# $1 (&3 @l5 "# K& 4# @!8 4o+r +5 #&5<(8 U,#+ &a58 $1 &c#8 $1 &,8 )YK ( +5 8 &5^( U!'( &3 ^( &*K  &o7( @J#+ (=6#..F.2. 9Ku <hai th;c0 tKu thu mua thIy s*n : K&)R#+ (5<# (&3 &!36# dW#+ @L &5 (&8 (&! +o8 4"o !"#8 [# &!3L# #+!36# $5<! (&! "#8 a (=#+ 4 @J#+ R..F.22. C*ng c; : ,#+ (=?#& U3 d#+ &!36# dW#+8 @)* (=#+ 4 K&)R#+ (5<# @L (5^K #&[#8 4 d{8 Uk $%8 4"o !"# #+!36# $5<! (&! "# (]  (1!  1 !#+ j#+ d& ụ &o (1! ..F.22. Ch c; %"u m&i : ,#+ (=?#& U3 d#+ &!36# dW#+ #&f ụ @c& (l &j 4# 4!,# #+!36# $5<! (&! "#. .F.2F. Cơ sở thu mua : $1 #R5 d5v# = &o7( @J#+ (5^K #&[#8 =k8 4"o !"# 4# @! #+!36# $5<! (&3 "# @L !#+ 'K &o  R  &^ 45^# (&3 "#8  &*  &og  @5L (56! (&ụ (= (5^K.  C45678 2: QUY );NH V KỸ THUẬT2 YR  F?R7 F 2... CR  "# U!'( 5#& do#& (&! "# K&"5 @K j#+ @3 @  !3 &!# e @5e! 5<# @" 4"o # (o1# (& K& @)* BJ NN|PTNT !3 @#& ()R#+ j#+ &o (]#+ $o75"# K&. 2..2. CR  K&"5 (&5^( $[K 4f#+ # 4"# Q!3 K&7 "# U!'( GMPZ &o (]#+ ,#+ @o7# (=o#+ ('( "  d3 &!3e# ,#+ #+&< "# U!'(8 !3 @#& =} =1#+ 1 &)Y#+ dq# &5 (5^( (&o ( ~ (&![(  ,#+ #&#8  (&,#+  # @" 4"o8 (=& #&5<  (]#+  #&# !"# $% "# U!'(8 (l &j (& &5<# 1 a &r R (&o d}5 @3 @ 5< (& &5<# Q!3  K&7 @a.2..F. CR  K&"5 (&5^( $[K 4f#+ # 4"# Q!3 K&7 < 5#& ••OP/GHPZ8 #6! =}  (& (ụ8 !3 (=?#&8 K&)R#+ K&K $1 < 5#& 1 &k (=W#+8 45<# K&K 5L o(8 K&)R#+  K&K +5 ( &o (]#+ $b#&  @" 4"o < 5#& ,#+ #+&5<K8 (l &j (& &5<# 1 a &r R (&o d}5 @3 @ 5< (& &5<# Q!3 K&7 @a. 22 K 4W<4 HACCP 2.2.. €6! ! &!#+:2.2... CR  K&"5 (&5^( $[K ^ &o7& HACCP 4f#+ # 4"#8 @)* U3 d#+ =56#+ 45<( &o (]#+ $o75 "# K& (=6# d3 &!3e# ,#+ #+&< #&'( @#&. )* K&uK U3 d#+ 1 K dụ#+ J( ^ &o7& HACCP &!#+ &o  "# K& W#+ #&a "# K& ()R#+ (8 @)* "# U!'( (=6# W#+ J( d3 &!3e# ,#+ #+&<.2.2..2. Mm5 ^ &o7& HACCP K&"5 @" 4"o #&[# d5<# @)* ;5 5 #+!3 @#+ L 1 a 45<# K&K 5L o( #&\#+ 5 #+!3 @a J( & &\! &5<!.2.2..F. CR  K&"5 U3 d#+ (& (ụ e 5< +&5 &uK 1 $)! (=\ &r R J( & @3 @ @L &j#+ 5#& 5< (& &5<# ^ &o7& HACCP (=o#+ (& (^ &o1# (o1# (!# (& #&\#+ 36! ! !3 @#& (=o#+ Q!3 &!# #13.2.2..D. Mm5 ^ &o7& HACCP K&"5 4o +r @ #&\#+ #J5 d!#+ (] ụ 2.2.2 @^# ụ 2.2.n d)Y5 @3.2.2.2. P&# (c& 5 #+!32.2.2.. CR  K&"5 (5^# &1#& K&# (c& 5 #+!3 @L #&[# d5<# 1 @#& +5 &c#& U ;5 5 #+!3 a &" ##+ U3 = (=o#+ @5e! 5<# (& (^ ụ (&L (75 (]#+ ,#+ @o7# (=6# d3 &!3e# ,#+ #+&<  R .2.2.2.2. C 5 #+!3 (5e # (=o#+ 4"# (&# #+!36# $5<! (&! "#8 K&ụ (&!J 1o 4"# &'(  $o15 (&! "#8 do #&5v (] ,5 (=)>#+ #+ &og do  3^! ( & (=)Y &5 #+!36# $5<! @)* @) 1o R 8 ‚#+ K&"5 @)* K&# (c& 1 @#& +5 @3 @ (=o#+ ^ &o7& HACCP.2.2.2.F. V5< K&# (c& 5 #+!3 K&"5 @)* (5^# &1#& $# $)*( &o (]#+ ,#+ @o7#  d3 &!3e# ,#+ #+&<8 a # j &o &;8 #&f U @#& @y#+ 1 @3 @  5 #+!3 @#+ L8 # j (=6# &" ##+ U"3 = 1 (c#& #+&56 (=;#+  (]#+ 5 #+!3 @z @)* #&[# d5<#.2.2.2.D. T75 (]#+ ,#+ @o7#8 R  @r#+ (&>5 K&"5 U @#& =}  45<# K&K K&ƒ#+ #+] &og 45<# K&K 5L o( &o (]#+ 5 #+!3 @#+ L @z @)* #&[# d5<#. C 45<# K&K  @a K&"5 @ &" ##+ @L #+# #+]8 @L $o75 (=] &og $1 +5" &" ##+ U"3 = 5 #+!3 (Y5 j &'K #&[# @)*.2.2.2.h. N^! &,#+ U @#& @)* 45<# K&K &\! &5<! #1o @L 5L o( 5 #+!3 @#+ L8 (&? K&"5 (&3 @l5 d7#+ "# K&8 &og k @l5 !3 (=?#& ,#+ #+&< (75 ,#+ @o7# @#+ Uu( &3   ,#+ @o7# (=)Y @a.2.2.2.i. Q! (=?#& K&# (c& 5 #+!3 K&"5 @)* (=?#& 413 (&o q! &)Y#+ dq# 1 @) 1o &r R  C&)R#+ (=?#& HACCP.2.2.F. X @#&  @5L 5L o( (Y5 &7# CCPZ2.2.F.. •k dụ#+ Sơ %E #uy$t %nh  CCP8 &og  K&)R#+ K&K ()R#+ @)R#+ & @L U@#& @5L 5L o( (Y5 &7#.2.2.F.2. T75 m5 CCP a (&L 5L o( J( &og #&5e! 5 #+!3 @#+ L.2.2.F.F. V5< U @#& CCP K&"5 @)* (=?#& 413 (&o q! &)Y#+ dq# 1 $)! 1o &r R  C&)R#+ (=?#& CCP..2.2.D. T&5^( $[K +5Y5 &7# (Y5 &7# 2.2.D.. CR  K&"5 (&5^( $[K +5Y5 &7# (Y5 &7# (&o (]#+ 45<# K&K 5L o( @z U @#& @5 Y5 (]#+ 5 #+!3 @#+ L (75 m5 CCP.2.2.D.2. CR  K&"5 a @3 @ # j &o &; @L &„#+ @#& =f#+8 Y5 +5Y5 &7# (Y5 &7# @z (&5^( $[K8 5 #+!3 … @)* #+# #+]8 $o75 4s &og $1 +5" (Y5 j &'K #&[# @)*.2.2.D.F. G5Y5 &7# (Y5 &7# K&"5 a (c#& (& (^ @L dv +5 (8 K&W &*K Y5 #&\#+ !3 @#& (=o#+  (56! &!#8 !3 K&78 # 4"# K&K !3 &  N&1 #)Y 1 ! (^.2.2.D.D. T15 $5<! dW#+ @L (&5^( $[K +5Y5 &7# (Y5 &7# K&"5 @)* $)! (=\ (&o #&\#+ !3 @#& (75 ụ 2.2.n.2.2.h. T&5^( $[K (& (ụ +5 ( 2.2.h.. CR  K&"5 (&5^( $[K (& (ụ +5 ( (75 (]#+ CCP @L @" 4"o =f#+  5 #+!3 @#+ L (75 @a $!,# $!,# @)* 5L o(. 2.2.h.2. T& (ụ +5 ( K&"5 a &" ##+ K&( &5<#  '( 5L o( (75  CCP 1 !#+ 'K (&,#+ (5# K (&>5 @L (5^# &1#& &1#& @J#+ k &\.2.2.h.F. T75 m5 CCP8 (& (ụ +5 ( K&"5 !3 @#& =}  3^! ( ! @3:. 5 ()*#+ +5 ( G5 ( 5 +?†Zx 4. P&)R#+ K&K +5 ( G5 ( 4f#+ & #1o†Zx. T# !'( +5 ( G5 ( &5 #1o†Zxd. N+)>5 a (=& #&5< +5 ( A5 +5 (†Z.2.2.h.D. V5< +5 ( (75 m5 CCP K&"5 $[K (&1#& &r R K&W &*K Y5 #&\#+ !3 @#& (75 ụ 2.2.n. Hr R +5 ( #+o15  (&,#+  ~ (&![( K&"5 a &\ %  #+)>5 +5 (8 #+13 (&#+ +5 (.2.2.h.h. ^( !" +5 ( K&"5 @)* #+)>5 a (& !3e# (& (=. V5< (& (= ^( !" +5 ( c( #&'( K&"5 @)* (& &5<# (=o#+ ƒ#+ J( (!# L (] #+13 a ^( !" +5(. N+)>5 (& (= K&"5 % (6# 1 ( +&5 #+13 (&#+ (& (= 1o &r R +5 (. Hr R
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