Final Report on the Advanced Research Training Seminar (ARTS) on Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) Programme in Sherbrooke, Quebec, 21–26 August 1996

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  Final Report on the Advanced Research Training Seminar (ARTS) on Mediational Intervention for Sensitizing Caregivers (MISC) Programme in Sherbrooke, Quebec, 21–26 August 1996
  This article was downloaded by:[Michigan State University Libraries][Michigan State University Libraries]On:2 May 2007Access Details:[subscription number 764698774]Publisher:Psychology PressInforma Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954Registered office: Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK International Journal of Psychology Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: Congresses and Scientific Meetings Congres etreunions scientifiques To cite this Article:, 'Congresses and Scientific Meetings Congres et reunionsscientifiques', International Journal of Psychology, 32:4, 270 - 272To link to this article: DOI:10.1080/002075997400782URL: SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLEFull terms and conditions of use:,teachingandprivatestudypurposes.Anysubstantialorsystematicreproduction,re-distribution,re-selling,loanorsub-licensing,systematicsupplyordistributioninanyformtoanyoneisexpresslyforbidden.Thepublisherdoesnotgiveanywarrantyexpressorimpliedormakeanyrepresentationthatthecontentswillbecompleteoraccurateoruptodate.Theaccuracyofanyinstructions,formulaeanddrugdosesshouldbeindependentlyverifiedwithprimarysources.Thepublishershallnotbeliableforanyloss,actions,claims,proceedings,demandorcostsordamageswhatsoeverorhowsoevercausedarisingdirectlyorindirectlyinconnectionwithorarising out of the use of this material. © Taylor and Francis 2007     D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   B  y  :   [   M   i  c   h   i  g  a  n   S   t  a   t  e   U  n   i  v  e  r  s   i   t  y   L   i   b  r  a  r   i  e  s   ]   A   t  :   1   8  :   1   4   2   M  a  y   2   0   0   7 Final Report on the Advanced Research Training Seminar (ARTS) onMediational Intervention forSensitizing Caregivers (MISC)Programme in Sherbrooke, Quebec,21±26 August 1996 Pnina S. Klein Bar-Ilan U niversity, Ram at-G an, Israel  Michael J. Boivin Indiana W esleyan U niversity, M arion, U SA As the 26th International Congress of Psychologymoved into its ®nal afternoon on Wednesday, 21August, 25 participants representing 18 differentcountries of Eastern Europe and the developingworld assembled in the main lobby of the  Palaisdes Congres de Montreal  . Over the previous fewdays, these participants had come from the fourcorners of the globe to Montreal, Canada andwere now poised to travel from Montreal 130kmsoutheast by minibus to Sherbrooke, Quebec, toparticipate in one of two Advanced ResearchTraining Seminars (ARTS), one in Sherbrookeand the other in Ottawa, Ontario. These wereorganized in conjunction with the 26th Congresssponsored under the auspices of the InternationalUnion of Psychological Science (IUPsyS).Selected from an initial enquiry and applicantpool of over 400 psychologists (more than 200from India alone), the ®nal group of invitees cameto Sherbrooke, many at great personal cost andsacri®ce, to realize the ideals of the ARTS pro-gramme. The International Union of Psychologi-cal Science (IUPsyS), the InternationalAssociation of Applied Psychology (IAAP), andthe International Association of Cross-CulturalPsychology (IACCP) collaboratively sponsor theARTS programme for the following purposes: toprovide for a signi®cant research/training experi-ence from leading experts in the ®eld on impor-tant topics for psychologists from developingcountries; to interact with colleagues internation-ally in scholarly and professional exchange andenrichment; and to enable invitees to participatein the international psychology congresses, wherepsychologists from the developing world andEastern Europe are typically grossly under-represented. Overview of the ARTS Topics The ARTS in Sherbrooke focused on early inter-vention strategies for infants and young childrenin families and other settings, with a specialemphasis on the MISC programme (MediationalIntervention for Sensitizing Caregivers) devel-oped by Professor Pnina Klein, Director of theChild Development Programme at the PinchasChurgin School of Education, Bar-Ilan Univer-sity, Ramat-Gan, Israel. Professor Klein hasworked extensively with UNICEF and other inter-national organizations in implementing her MISCmodel in developing countries all over the world.The co-organizer of the ARTS was Michael J.Boivin, formerly from Spring Arbor College inMichigan but now a Professor of Psychology atIndiana Wesleyan University in Marion, Indiana,USA. At the ARTS, Dr. Boivin presented researchstrategies, considerations, and published ®ndingsrelating community development and publichealth issues, affecting children and families inthe developing world, to caregiver intervention INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, 1997,  32  (4), 270±272 Ó 1997 International Union of Psychological Science     D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   B  y  :   [   M   i  c   h   i  g  a  n   S   t  a   t  e   U  n   i  v  e  r  s   i   t  y   L   i   b  r  a  r   i  e  s   ]   A   t  :   1   8  :   1   4   2   M  a  y   2   0   0   7 TRIBUNE INTERNATIONALE  271 programmes and developmental outcomes such asthose related to MISC. Dr. Boivin’s emphasis wasthreefold: that early childhood caregiver interven-tion programmes such as the MISC could be suc-cessfully imbedded within more comprehensivecommunity development programmes in thedeveloping world; that evaluative research andintervention/outcomes assessment models were anecessary part of such programmes in the presentinternational funding climate; and that bene®tsderived from programmes such as the MISC couldbe mediated by neuropsychological and beha-vioural factors that could be measured and docu-mented as part of such interventions/outcomesprojects. Dr. Boivin also provided each partici-pant with a copy of his book chronicling his cross-cultural experiences in ®eld research in Zaire,Africa. The book is entitled  The Accidental Anthropologist .Resources for the course distributed to all theparticipants included Professor Klein’s recentlypublished book,  Early Intervention: Cross-Cul-tural Experiences with a Mediational Approach ,by Garland Publishing, New York (copyright,1996). During her presentations, Professor Kleinused portions of this text as well as several perti-nent videos illustrating mediational interventiontechniques, and a two-part training manual for theMISC programme, originally prepared for herwork with UNICEF in Sri Lanka.In discussing at length a mediational approachto early intervention in children by principal care-givers, Professor Klein provided many illustra-tions of the importance of intentionality andreciprocity between caregiver and child in capita-lizing on the teachable moment as childrenexplore their world. Pnina also emphasized theimportance in mediating feelings of meaningand identity in young children (conveying signi®-cance, af®rmation), mediating transcendence as akey to higher cognitive skills and thought pro-cesses (helping children move from the concreteto the abstract in their conceptualizations of theworld), as well as mediating a sense of compe-tence to the child through reward and af®rmationfor their initiative. Finally, Professor Kleinemphasized, as part of the MISC model, theimportance of helping caregivers mediate self-regulation of behaviour for instilling habits andtendencies that would allow children to becomeeffective self-directed learners for their lifetime.The central goal of the application of the MISCmodel in training caregivers in the developingworld is to help parents and families move beyonda fatalistic acceptance of a child’s fate or place inlife, towards a sense of hope and expectation forthe future of their children through the enrichmentin their home interactions that they can providetoday. Professor Boivin presented photographicslide and video materials depicting his communitydevelopment and neuropsychological assessmentwork in Zaire and in Laos, along with selectedpublished research articles describing the resultsof this work. This material was then used as aspringboard for further discussion among the par-ticipants as to how they might most effectivelyarrive at an assessment protocol to document thebene®ts of MISC interventions in the villagemilieu. Objectives of the Sherbrooke ARTS The overall objectives of the ARTS, therefore,arose from a combination of Dr. Boivin’s focuson community health interventions and the neuro-psychological development of children with theMISC intervention strategies developed by Dr.Pnina Klein, described earlier. The ®rst objectivewas to enable participants to evaluate adult±childinteractions in a variety of cultural settings, andsee how those interactions might be enhanced tooptimize the child’s cognitive ¯exibility (modi®a-bility) and potential for future learning. A secondobjective was to help participants consider waysin which the MISC evaluation can lend itself creatively to serve as a basis for intervention inimproving the quality of child±caregiver interac-tions. A third goal was to encourage participantsto consider the ways in which a MISC-type ana-lysis and intervention can be part of a morecomprehensive and multi-faceted communitydevelopment programme for the economic, edu-cational, health, and social development of entirefamilies and communities. Underpinning theseobjectives throughout was an international focus,with the presentation of MISC programmesand community development illustrations fromEthiopia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Zimbabwe, Israel,Norway, Sweden, and the United States. Neuro-psychological and community developmentresearch from Laos and from Zaire were alsoshared.  ARTS Participant Presentations During the ARTS, a number of participants hadthe opportunity to share at length informationabout the MISC programmes that they were     D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   B  y  :   [   M   i  c   h   i  g  a  n   S   t  a   t  e   U  n   i  v  e  r  s   i   t  y   L   i   b  r  a  r   i  e  s   ]   A   t  :   1   8  :   1   4   2   M  a  y   2   0   0   7 272  INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM integrally involved with in their own countries;some of these were national in scope. Dr. TirussewTeferra of Addis Ababa University in Ethiopiashared about the implementation of MISC in hiscountry among families of low socioeconomicstatus and educational levels in several Kechenecommunities as part of a grass-roots level com-munity development project.Dale Chandler from Errington, BritishColumbia, Canada, shared at length informationabout her efforts in facilitating MISC programmesin Zimbabwe, Africa, and Sri Lanka. MaliniFerdinando presently directs a comprehensivecommunity and health development programmefunded by Redd Barna (Save the Children), whichincludes a MISC training programme for mothersin scores of major urban and village centresthroughout Sri Lanka. Despite the social and eco-nomic deprivations from the military con¯ict thatcontinues in that country, the Redd Barna MISCprogramme has made a signi®cant impact on chil-dren and families in enabling them to thrive evenin the most desperate of economic and socialconditions. Dr. Kusdwiratri Setiono providedample illustrations of how MISC had beenincorporated into a more comprehensive health,infrastructure, economic, and local educationalstrategy for community development inIndonesia.Each of the remaining participants also had theopportunity to brie¯y share information on thevarious kinds of research and organizationalactivities related to child development in whichthey were involved. On behalf of eight partici-pants from various universities throughout India,Professor T.S. Saraswathi of the Department of Human Development and Family Studies atMaharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda pre-sented a concise overview of the various signi®-cant family and child intervention projects at thevillage and community level that has been com-piled and published by Sage Publications. Manyof these are detailed in the recent edited volumeof which she provided a copy, entitled  HumanDevelopment and Family Studies in India: AnAgenda for Research and Policy  (T.S. Saraswathi& Baljit Kaur, eds., copyright, 1993).Intervention and research programmes wereshared by participants from Slovenia, Nigeria,South Africa, Romania, Ukraine, Germany,Brazil, and Poland. Most of the participants pro-vided a written manuscript detailing their inter-vention/research efforts in their countries, andthese manuscripts were compiled into a packetof resources that was mailed to all participantsthe month following the ARTS in Sherbrooke.  ARTSSocial andCultural Enrichment The MISC ARTS in Sherbrooke not only providedfor an enriching professional and training experi-ence for the participants, but also provided for anumber of social and cultural highlights.The gracious and dedicated service of Raymond Morency, assistant director of Word-of-Life Bethel campus, and Betty, director of food and lodging services, should be recognized.Despite their many ongoing responsibilities inpreparation for a new school year at the institute,they did their utmost to accommodate the variousdietary, lodging, and transportation needs of theparticipants throughout their stay for the ARTS.This was a challenging task, given the diversenature of our group.  Additional Resources and Supportfor the ARTS Spring Arbor College supported the ARTS byproviding a full-size 15-passenger van for trans-portation use throughout the International Con-gress and the ARTS, and the college providedphotocopying of resource packets, course materi-als, and postage for activities pertaining to theARTS. Indiana Wesleyan University was instru-mental in providing support for copying services,organization, and distribution of materials in fol-low-up mailings to participants. Financial supportfor the Sherbrooke ARTS was also provided byRedd Barna (Save the Children) of Norway, theInternational Affairs Of®ce of the American Psy-chological Association, the British PsychologicalAssociation, the Canadian Psychological Associa-tion, the International Union for PsychologicalScience, and Bar-Ilan University, Israel. Finally,the American Guidance Service in Circle Pines,Minnesota, provided research discounts forassessment materials forwarded to several parti-cipants to aid in their MISC-related researchassessment efforts within their home countries.
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