Dr. Nihal El Megharbelã 2016 IFPRI Egypt Seminar Series: Measuring and Monitoring SDGs in Egypt

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  1. Nationalizing SDGs in Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 Measuring and Monitoring SDGs in Egypt – UNDP & IFPRI Dr. Nihal El-Megharbel Vice…
  • 1. Nationalizing SDGs in Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 Measuring and Monitoring SDGs in Egypt – UNDP & IFPRI Dr. Nihal El-Megharbel Vice Minister for Monitoring Ministry of Planning, Monitoring & Administrative Reform Thursday, 23rd of June 2016
  • 2. Agenda  Introduction  Overview on Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030  SDS Background  SDS Methodology  Components of SDS  Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 Pillars.  Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 vs. Sustainable Development Goals  Summary 2
  • 3. Introduction  The preparation for the SDS started in 2014 and lasted for two years.  It is the first formulated strategy in accordance with the methodology of long-term strategic participatory planning. It has been prepared with wide social participation, taking into account the visions of civil society, the private sector, ministries, and government agencies.  A large number of international finance and development institutions gave attention to the preparation of the strategy and participated in its formulation; ILO, USAID, JICA.  Assurance of consistency and coherence between the targets of Egypt’s national sustainable development and the universal targets of the United Nations; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  Egypt has announced its adoption of the SDGs during the 70th round for the United Nations General Assembly that took place during the period from 25-27 September, 2016, thus declaring Egypt's precedence in integrating the Sustainable Development Concept and targets into the national planning system. 3
  • 4. Overview on Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 4
  • 5. Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS): Egypt Vision 2030 55
  • 6. Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 Participatory Approach 15 ministerial meetings 100 workshops 50 preparation and coordination meetings More than 15 experts Participants Methodology of the strategy preparation Government Private sector Civil society and the international organizations Academics and experts 6
  • 7. Main Goals of Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 7
  • 8. Pillars of the Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 Internal policies are closely linked to establishing a democratic political system that respects human rights principles and based on the rule of law; for: • establishing a democratic society characterized effective executive institutions, • strengthening and supporting the role of the Parliament in legislation and supervising the executive authority, • eliminating the phenomena of nepotism and favoritism, • establishing an effective civil society that supports decentralization, thus, alleviating the burden on the central government and increasing opportunities for political participation, • supporting and enabling political parties as a guarantee of democracy, • activating and enabling the political system and its institutions to cope with global developments, • establishing a free and pluralistic society that empowers youth and women, fights terrorism, and achieves a prompt justice. 8
  • 9. Pillars’ Structure Setting the target (where we want to be)Vision What are the major issues on which it is necessary to focus on Strategic objectives Indicators reflecting the achievement of objectives (KPIs) (Inputs/ outcomes/ strategic results) Key Performance Indicators Define the Challenges that prevent the achievement of each objective Challenges Mechanisms and work plans Programs and Projects 9
  • 10. SDS Vision for 2030 By 2030, the new Egypt will achieve a competitive, balanced, diversified and knowledge based economy, characterized by justice, social integration and participation, with a balanced and diversified ecosystem, benefiting from its strategic location and human capital to achieve sustainable development for a better life to all Egyptians. 10
  • 11. Competitive & Diversified Economy characterized by Sustainable & Inclusive GrowthMainIndicators MainPrograms &Projects  Development of Suez Canal area.  Establishment of the new administrative capital.  Cultivation & development of four million acres of land.  New development pillars (road network)  Construction of one million housing units within the framework of the social housing program  Decent Work Program (DWP).  Regional Economic development project. Real Growth Rate (%) 12 2030 10 2020 4.2 Status Quo 5 2030 10 2020 12.8 Status Quo 2.28 2030 7.5 2020 11.5 Status Quo Unemployment Rate (%) Total Deficit to GDP (%) Economic Development Pillar 11
  • 12. Sustainable Energy that fulfills Development Requirements & Contributes in National Income MainIndicatorsMainPrograms &Projects  Promote innovation in the Energy Sector.  Dabb’ah Nuclear Station.  Adoption of environmental standards & expansion in audited measures.  Energy Subsidy Management. Contribution Share of Energy Sector in Total GDP (%) 25 2030 20 2020 13.1 Status Quo 0 2030 0 2020 242 Status Quo 8 2030 12 2020 15 Status Quo Fuel Subsidies (in Billions, EGP) Efficiency of electricity transmission and distribution (%) Energy Pillar 12
  • 13. Maximizing the Developmental Return from Innovation and Knowledge, and associating it to national objectives and challenges MainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Adoption of a comprehensive program that inculcates a culture of innovation and knowledge in the community.  Stimulating innovation in SMEs through the development of a comprehensive program.  Activating partnership between the state and the private sector to support and stimulate innovation Knowledge, innovation & Scientific Research Pillar Global Innovation Index (rank) 60 2030 85 2020 99 Status Quo 60 2030 100 2020 132 Status Quo 60 2030 100 2020 135 Status Quo Innovation Capacity of Companies (rank) Quality of Scientific Research Institutions (rank) 13
  • 14. Efficient & Effective Administrative Body characterized by Transparency that provides high-quality services MainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Development of planning and monitoring system.  Improvement & development of communication channels & mechanisms between the government and the citizens.  Modernization of the IT infrastructure of the administrative system of the state.  Combating corruption across all governmental entities. Transparency & Efficiency of Governmental Institutions Pillar Number of citizens served per each government employee 40 2030 26 2020 13.2 Status Quo 70 2030 50 2020 20 Status Quo 80 2030 70 2020 59.5 Status Quo Government Efficiency (score) Ease of Doing Business Index (score) 14
  • 15. Promoting Societal Integration & Achieving Equality in rights & OpportunitiesMainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Raising the efficiency of the social protection and subsidy systems , as well as broadening their scope of influence.  Reducing societal, gender & generational gaps.  Achieving a balanced geographical distribution of services. Social Justice PillarGeographical Gap in Human Development Indicator 0.043 2030 0.06 2020 0.086 Status Quo 10 2030 20 2020 31 Status Quo 10000 2030 4000 2020 3436.3 Status Quo Gini Coefficient GDP per capita 15
  • 16. Application of an integrated Health system that is characterized by availability, quality & non-discriminatory MainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Adoption of comprehensive health coverage.  Raise the quality of health service provision.  Promotion of preventive & health programs.  Empowerment of municipalities in providing health care services under a decentralized system.  Development of the Drug sector. Health PillarHealth expenditure per capita ($) 600 2030 300 2020 152 Status Quo 100 2030 100 2020 58 Status Quo 28 2030 40 2020 59.6 Status Quo The proportion of citizens insured through a comprehensive social health insurance (%) Direct health expenditure of citizens (%) 16
  • 17. Improve the quality of the education system in alignment with global educational regimes that is available to all without discrimination MainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Development of teachers’ occupational and technical skills.  Development of a Subsidy System for Disadvantaged Families.  Mildly Handicapped Students Integration Program.  Establishing an academy for technical education specialized in graduating qualified teachers for technical and vocational education.  Developing a mechanism that promotes the participation of the private sector in securing schools and educational material for the technical education.  Application of an accreditation system for Egyptian certifications (internationalization). Education & Training Pillar Illiteracy Rate (%) (15-35) 2030 7 Zero Default 2020 28 Status Quo 80 2030 60 2020 30 Status Quo 28 2030 40 2020 59.6 Status Quo Percentage of Technical education graduates working in their fields of specialization (%) Number of Egyptian universities listed at the order of the top 500 universities in the world (Shanghai Index) 17
  • 18. Consolidation of Positive Cultural Values in the Egyptian society, and preservation of our Cultural Heritage MainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  A package of programs aimed at raising the cultural and heritage awareness among the community.  Establishment of a fully integrated IT infrastructure for the cultural work.  Protection and development of traditional crafts.  The protection and preservation of heritage. Culture PillarTourism and Travel Competitiveness Index (rank) 2030 70 2020 85 Status Quo 3.3 2030 2.3 2020 1.8 Status Quo 1.95 2030 1.0 2020 1.95 Status Quo Number of foreign visitors to museums and heritage sites (million visitors) Geographical gap in the number of cultural centers per 100,000 people. 18
  • 19. Good & Sustainable Governance of Natural ResourcesMainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Expansion in the establishment and development of the infrastructure required for achieving a sustainable water system.  Raising the efficiency of solid wastes management system and supporting its sustainability.  Developing the necessary policies to reduce air pollution, combat climate changes and protect the environment.  Developing the disposal system of hazardous wastes and raising its efficiency. Environment Pillar Percentage of non-traditional water resources used/ total water resources used 2030 30 2020 20 Status Quo 80 2030 40 2020 20 Status Quo -50% 2030 -15% 2020 157 Microgram/m3 Status Quo Percentage of domestic solid waste regularly collected and treated (%) Percentage of reduced rates of pollution caused by fine airborne dust (%) 19
  • 20. Increasing inhabited area in proportion to the availability of resources and size and distribution of populationMainIndicators Main Programs& Projects  Activation of municipalities' role in execution and management of urban plans.  Promoting the population settlement in the new development areas.  Combating the phenomena of slums and insecure areas.  Encouraging the use of green and sustainable building methods. Urban Development Pillar Number of Egyptian cities in Global Connectedness Index Report 2030 5 2020 1 Status Quo Less than 5 2030 Less than 8 2020 12 Status Quo 3 (added) 2030 1 (added) 2020Status Quo Housing gap indicator Area of lands added to Egyptian inhabited areas (%) 7 20
  • 21. Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030 vs. Sustainable Development Goals 21
  • 22. 22 Goals SDGs Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere  Proportion of population below $1.25 (PPP) per day (MDG Indicator)  Proportion of population living below national poverty line, by urban/rural (modified MDG Indicator)  Multidimensional Poverty Index.  Percentage of eligible population covered by national social protection programs  Percentage of women, men, indigenous peoples, and local communities with secure rights to land, property, and natural resources, measured by (i) percentage with documented or recognized evidence of tenure, and (ii) percentage who perceive their rights are recognized and protected.  Losses from natural disasters, by climate and non-climate-related events (in US$ and lives lost)  Total fertility rate  Complementary National Indicators: 1.1. Poverty gap ratio (MDG Indicator) 1.2. Percentage of population using banking services (including mobile banking) 1.3. [Indicator on equal access to inheritance] – to be developed 1.4. [Disaster Risk Reduction Indicator] – to be developed Sustainable Development Goal 1 - KPIs
  • 23. 23 Goals SDGs Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture  Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (MDG Indicator)  Percentage of women of reproductive age (15-49) with anemia  Prevalence of stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age  Percentage of infants under 6 months who are exclusively breast fed  Percentage of women, 15-49 years of age, who consume at least 5 out of 10 defined food groups  Crop yield gap (actual yield as % of attainable yield)  Number of agricultural extension workers per 1000 farmers [or share of farmers covered by agricultural extension programs and services]  Nitrogen use efficiency in food systems  [Crop water productivity (tons of harvested product per unit irrigation water)] – to be developed  Complementary National Indicators: 2.1. Percentage of population with shortfalls of: iron, zinc, iodine, vitamin A, folate, vitamin B12, [and vitamin D] 2.2. Proportion of infants 6–23 months of age who receive a minimum acceptable diet 2.3. Percentage children born with low birth weight 2.4. Cereal yield growth rate (% p.a.) 2.5. Livestock yield gap (actual yield as % of attainable yield) 2.6. [Phosphorus use efficiency in food systems] – to be developed 2.7. Share of calories from non-staple crops 2.8. Percentage of total daily energy intake from protein in adults 2.9. [Access to drying, storage and processing facilities] – to be developed 2.10. [Indicator on genetic diversity in agriculture] – to be developed 2.11. [Indicator on irrigation access gap] – to be developed 2.12. [Farmers with nationally appropriate crop insurance (%)] – to be developed 2.13. Public and private R&D expenditure on agriculture and rural development (% of GNI) 2.14. [Indicator on food price volatility] – to be developed Sustainable Development Goal 2 - KPIs
  • 24. Sustainable Development Goal 1: Poverty Reduction Economic Development SDS Pillar SDS Aim KPI Current Status 2020 2030 Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines* 26.3% 23% 15% Percentage of population below the extreme poverty line* 4.4% 2.5 0 GDP per capita (USD)* 3, 436.4 4,000 10,000 Achieve sustainable inclusive growth Unemployment Rate 12.8% 10% 5% 24 * Also in social justice pillar Total fertility rate (children per woman) 3.5 3.3 2.4
  • 25. Sustainable Development Goal 1: Poverty Reduction (2) Social Justice SDS Pillar SDS Aim KPI Current Status 2020 2030 Geographical gap in the percentage of population under poverty line 17% 10% 5% Percentage of female headed households living under poverty line 26.3% 12% 0 - - - - - - Enhancing social inclusion & Providing protection for the neediest groups Subsidy Efficiency* * To Be Developed Beneficiaries of the social welfare programs* - - - The percentage of population in unsecure slum areas* 25
  • 26. Sustainable Development Goal 1: Poverty Reduction (3) Health SDS Pillar SDS Aim KPI Current Status 2020 2030 The percentage of citizens covered by social health insurance (%) 58% 100% 100% The improvement of the health of citizens within a framework of justice and equity 26 Mortality rate due to uncommon diseases among persons between 30 and 70 years 24.5% 22% 20%
  • 27. Sustainable Development Goal 2: Food Security Economic Development SDS Pillar SDS Aim KPI Now 2020 2030 Inflation rate 11.8% 8% 3-5% Maximize the value added Health The improvement of the health of citizens within a framework of justice and equity Prevalence of stunting among children under 5 years of age 21% 15% 10% 27
  • 28. Sustainable Development Goal 2: Food Security (2) Urban Development SDS Pillar SDS Aim KPI Now 2020 2030 Rate of reduction of agricultural land infringement 30,000 acres 100% 100% Percentage of population with access to safe drinking water >90% >95% 100% Increase inhabited areas in a way that is suitable for the accessibility of resources, size, and distribution of population 28
  • 29. Programs 29
  • 30. Programs for Sustainable Development Goal 1: Poverty Reduction 30 Economic Development Pillar  Suez Canal Development Project  Decent Work Program  Regional Economic Development Program  Programs and Projects to Formalize the Informal Sector  Curb Inflationary Pressures for Macroeconomic Stability (storage and logistics centers) Social Justice Pillar  Improving the social protection and subsidy systems and expanding their coverage  Achieving a balanced geographical distribution of services
  • 31. Programs for Sustainable Development Goal 2: Food Security 31 Economic Development Pillar  4 Million Acre Development Project  Create clusters of agro-industries  Increase agricultural area and support agro-industrialization:  Create assembling points and storage facilities for strategic goods  Develop aquaculture projects:  Establishing a ‘center for modernization of agriculture’:  National program for the development of livestock, poultry, and fish resources  Develop garner projects Health Pillar  Application of universal health coverage  Enhancing Preventive and Health Programs Urban Development Pillar  Elimination of infringement and violations in existing urban communities  Control informal settlement phenomenon and insecure areas:
  • 32. 2030/SDSEgypt 32
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