Do Clusters Generate Greater Innovation and Growth? An Analysis of European Regions (Eng)/ ¿Generan los clusters una mayor innovación y crecimiento? (Ing)/ Klusterrek berrikuntza handiagoa eta hazkundea sorrarazten al dute? (Ing)

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
 43
 
  DoClustersGenerateGreater InnovationandGrowth? An Analysis of European Regions Andrés Rodríguez-Pose & Fabrice Comptour DEPARTMENT OF EUROPEAN ECONOMIC STUDIES Bruges European Economic Research Papers 21 / 2011 About the authors: Andrés Rodríguez-Pose is a professor of Economic Geography at the London School of Economics, London WC2A 2AE, UK. He currently holds an IMDEA Social Sciences Professorial Research Fellowship and a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship. His research has fundam
Share
Transcript
  DNZKXTBNET OGN^XOZNKE NMOEOBIM ]T^DIN] Do Mc~}tnx} Anenxktn AxnktnxIeeowktioe ked Axoqtf? Kedxé} Xodxâa~np Zo}n ' Gkhximn Mobzto~x Ke Kekcy}i} og N~xoznke Xnaioe} Hx~an} N~xoznke Nmoeobim Xn}nkxmf Zkznx} 8; / 8:;;  ; Kho~t tfn k~tfox}0  Kedxé} Xodxâa~np Zo}n i} k zxogn}}ox og Nmoeobim Anoaxkzfy kt tfn Coedoe ]mfooc og Nmoeobim}# Coedoe QM8K 8KN# ^L% Fn m~xxnetcy focd} ke IBDNK ]omikc ]minemn}Zxogn}}oxikc Xn}nkxmf Gnccoq}fiz ked k Cnwnxf~cbn Tx~}t Bk`ox Xn}nkxmf Gnccoq}fiz% Fi}xn}nkxmf fk} g~edkbnetkccy dnkct qitf tfn gkmtox} hnfied nmoeobim dnwncozbnet% Gkhximn Mobzto~x }t~dind kt tfn Moccnan og N~xozn qfnxn fn ohtkiend k Bk}tnx’} dnaxnn ie N~xoznke Nmoeobim ]t~din} ie 8::6% Fn kc}o focd} k dnaxnn ie neaiennxiea gxob ]~zncnm ie Gxkemn ked k Bk}tnx’} dnaxnn ie Bkekanbnet ked Nmoeobim} og Ieeowktioe gxob Mfkcbnx} ^eiwnx}ity ie ]qndne% Fn m~xxnetcy qoxl} kt tfn N~xoznke Mobbi}}ioe k} kBnbhnx og Mkhient% Kddxn}} gox moxxn}zoednemn0 Zxog% Kedxé} Xodxâa~np Zo}n0 k%xodxia~np zo}nJc}n%km%~l  Kmleoqcndanbnet}0 Tfn k~tfox} kxn axktng~c to ]fkxbi}tfk Hkamfi ]ne# @kmoh @oxdkke# Ximmkxdo Mxn}mnepi kedzkxtimizket} kt }nbiekx} fncd ie Axoeieane# @÷el÷ziea# Ck Mox~ûk# ]ke ]nhk}tike# ^txnmft#ked Wkcnemik gox tfnix ie}iaftg~c }~aan}tioe} to nkxcinx wnx}ioe} og tfn bke~}mxizt% Tfnyqo~cd kc}o ciln to kmleoqcndan tfn anenxo~} giekemikc }~zzoxt og k Cnwnxf~cbn Tx~}tBk`ox Xn}nkxmf Gnccoq}fiz ked og tfn ZXOMI^DKD MB zxoaxkbbn% Tfn kxtimcn i} kc}o zkxtog tfn xn}nkxmf zxoaxkbbn og tfn iednznednet ^L ]zktikc Nmoeobim} Xn}nkxmf Mnetxng~ednd hy tfn Nmoeobim ked ]omikc Xn}nkxmf Mo~emic &N]XM)# Dnzkxtbnet og H~}ien}}#Ieeowktioe ked ]licc}# Mobb~eitin} ked Comkc Aownxebnet ked tfn Qnc}f K}}nbhcyAownxebnet% Tfn winq} nvzxn}}nd kxn tfo}n og tfn k~tfox} ked do eot enmn}}kxicyxnzxn}net tfn winq} og tfn g~ednx}%  8 D O M C^]TNX] A NENXKTN A XNKTNX I EEOWKTIOE KED A XOQTF ?   K E K EKCY]I] OG N ^XOZNKE X NAIOE]   HNNX eº 8;Kedxé} Xodxâa~np Zo}n ' Gkhximn Mobzto~x  Kh}txkmt    Tfn kekcy}i} og mc~}tnx} fk} kttxkmtnd moe}idnxkhcn ietnxn}t ownx tfn ck}t gnq dnmkdn}% Tfnkxtim~cktioe og mc~}tnx} ieto mobzcnv entqoxl} ked }y}tnb} og ieeowktioe anenxkccyleoqe k} xnaioekc ieeowktioe }y}tnb} fk}# ie zkxtim~ckx# hnne k}}omiktnd qitf tfndnciwnxy og axnktnx ieeowktioe ked axoqtf% Foqnwnx# dn}zitn tfn axoqiea nmoeobim kedzocimy xncnwkemn og mc~}tnx}# cittcn }y}tnbktim xn}nkxmf fk} hnne moed~mtnd ieto tfnixk}}omiktioe qitf otfnx gkmtox} zxobotiea ieeowktioe ked nmoeobim axoqtf% Tfi} kxtimcnkddxn}}n} tfi} i}}~n hy cooliea kt tfn xncktioe}fiz hntqnne ieeowktioe ked nmoeobimaxoqtf ie ;>8 xnaioe} og N~xozn d~xiea tfn znxiod hntqnne ;99> ked 8::7% ^}iea kenmoeobntxim bodnc qitf k }tktim ked k dyekbim dibne}ioe# tfn xn}~ct} og tfn kekcy}i}fiafciaft tfkt0 k) xnaioekc axoqtf tfxo~af ieeowktioe ie N~xozn i} g~edkbnetkccymoeenmtnd to tfn zxn}nemn og ke kdn{~ktn }omionmoeobim newixoebnet ked# ie zkxtim~ckx#to tfn nvi}tnemn og k qncc txkiend ked nd~mktnd zooc og qoxlnx}< h) tfn zxn}nemn og  mc~}tnx} bkttnx} gox xnaioekc axoqtf# h~t oecy ie mobhiektioe qitf k aood ‖}omikc gictnx’# ked tfi} k}}omiktioe qken} ie tibn< m) boxn txkditioekc X'D wkxikhcn} fkwn k qnkl ieitikcmoeenmtioe to nmoeobim dnwncozbnet# h~t tfi} moeenmtioe iemxnk}n} ownx tibn ked# i}#oemn kakie# moetieanet oe tfn nvi}tnemn og kdn{~ktn }omionmoeobim moeditioe}% Lnyqoxd}0 Mc~}tnx}#   nmoeobim axoqtf# N~xoznke ^eioe# ieeowktioe# xnaioekc ieeowktioe}y}tnb} % @NC modn} 0 O;4# O=;# O=8# O==# O4:# O>8# X;;  Do Mc~}tnx} Anenxktn Axnktnx Ieeowktioe ked Axoqtf? Ke Kekcy}i} og N~xoznke Xnaioe}  = ;% Ietxod~mtioe Oen og tfn txkditioekc kdwketkan} k}}omiktnd qitf mc~}tnx} og gixb} fk} hnne tfnixmkzkmity to neanednx axnktnx ieeowktioe ked to txke}goxb tfi} ieeowktioe ietonmoeobim axoqtf &Zoxtnx 8:::)% Axo~z} og gixb} qoxliea ie tfn }kbn ox ie mco}ncyxncktnd }nmtox} kxn dnnbnd to anenxktn kaacobnxktioe nmoeobin} ked leoqcndan}ziccownx}% Tfn}n }ziccownx}# ie t~xe# kxn kt tfn xoot og }ncg xniegoxmiea zxomn}}n} og ieeowktioe ked axoqtf &Mkzncco ;999)% Zfy}imkc zxovibity kboea gixb} i} moe}idnxnd togkmicitktn tfn nbnxanemn og ietnxkmtioe ked tfn goxbktioe og ietnxznx}oekc ked gixbentqoxl} cnkdiea to tfn anen}i} og mobzcnv moccnmtiwn cnkxeiea bnmfkei}b}&Bnckmfxoieo} ked ]znemn 8::;< ]toxznx ked Wnekhcn} 8::4)% Leoqcndan }ziccownx}ked moccnmtiwn cnkxeiea bnmfkei}b} tf~} fncz txke}goxb bnxn mc~}tnx} og gixb} ieto ‖eno Bkx}fkccike ied~}txikc di}tximt}’ &Hnmkttiei ;961)# ‖enq ied~}txikc }zkmn}’ &]mott;966)# ‖ieeowktiwn bicin~v’ &Kydkcot ;967)# ‖cnkxeiea xnaioe}’ &Boxake ;991)# ox‖xnaioekc ieeowktioe }y}tnb}’ &Mooln# Aýbnp ^xkeak# ked Ntvnhnxxâk ;991< Mooln ked Boxake ;996)# qfnxn gixb} ked tfn tnxxitoxin} tfny kxn comktnd ie toantfnx qitf tfnixietxie}im }omikc ked }tx~mt~xkc mfkxkmtnxi}tim} ked ietnxkmtioe} kxn z~t kt tfn mnetxn og tfn ieeowktioe zxomn}} ked og tfn anenxktioe og nmoeobim axoqtf% Fnemn# comkc }omikc}tx~mt~xn}# ietnxkmtioe# ked moccnmtiwn cnkxeiea zxomn}}n} qitfie mc~}tnx} kxn winqnd k}bkliea gixb} comktnd ie mco}n zfy}imkc zxovibity boxn ieeowktiwn ked boxn dyekbimtfke i}ocktnd gixb} &Hkzti}tk ked ]qkee ;996)%Tfn ciel hntqnne mc~}tnx} og gixb}# ieeowktioe# ked nmoeobim axoqtf fk} anenxkccyhnne hk}nd oe k ckxan e~bhnx og mk}n }t~din} qfnxn tfn cnkxeiea zxomn}}n} og gixb} iedne}n ie}tit~tioekc newixoebnet} kxn dom~bnetnd% Foqnwnx# k} Bkxtie ked ]~ecny&8::=# 88) kmleoqcndan zo}}ihcy hnmk~}n og tfn moe}tket xn}oxt to qfkt mke hnmoe}idnxnd k} gkwo~xkhcn mk}n} tfn zo}itiwn moeenmtioe hntqnne tfn zxn}nemn og mc~}tnx} ked ieeowktioe ked nmoeobim axoqtf i} gkx gxob qncc dom~bnetnd% Tfnxn kxnxncktiwncy gnq }t~din} tfkt kddxn}} tfn ciel hntqnne mc~}tnx}# ieeowktioe ked axoqtfgxob k mobzkxktiwn znx}znmtiwn ked nwne gnqnx tfkt txy to wnet~xn ieto {~ketitktiwnkekcy}n} og k ckxan e~bhnx og tnxxitoxin}# ie oxdnx to k}}n}} qfntfnx tfn zo}itiwn
Related Search
Similar documents
View more
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks