Білинський О. О. Нові знахідки скіфських кинджалів із території Сумщини. [Bilynskyi O. New findings of Scythian daggers from Sumy region].

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  Білинський О. О. Нові знахідки скіфських кинджалів із території Сумщини. [Bilynskyi O. New findings of Scythian daggers from Sumy region].
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  BC EYI{PA IHC6K}I'J HAYKOB ME ICTOPI{I{ H t{i[ XTYPE{AT J\ XXXV 3acHoaagiait y 199-5 p. Nd{, PeecrpaqiiiHe Cgi.{ourno Kts Nsi6009-4481nP air 22.10.2009 p. BI.{AAI{HS CYMCI,KOTO AEP'{ABHO|O YHIBEPCI{TETY TATIEPHI|IBCb(OIO HAUIOHAJ'I6HO|O IIEAA|OIIqHOTO yHIBEPCI{TETyIMEHI T.T.IIIEBqEHI{A PEAAKIdiIIF{A I(O"[E f LfI : A.qTnOB B.O^, roroea (I{epuii"ie) 6APBll-lCbKI4H A.o. (Cyua) EAXAH O.f. (Kuie) EOI1KO M.(. (i{epuil.ie) BOPOBI4K A.M. (9epxirin) BJIACEHKO 13.M. (C;,uN) BEPMEHL{LI ILB. (Krain) BO3HI4H l.[. (rlepuiaui) fYP){{Ifr o.i. (Kaie) AE|TTPbOB C.I. (Cyuir) 3BAI'EJIbC bKI,f IZ B.8., roroBxrrff peAaxrop (Cyun) I|HATYIIIA O.M, (3anopixxa)KA3AKOB A.JI. (Hepuirir) KJII4ME}{KO B.A. (Cyuu) KOBAJIEHKO B.IL (r{epairin)KOBAnEfiKO O.8., uepinuii 3acrynHr{K roroBr.r (9epnirin) KOTJI-IP M.@. (Kuia) MoU.f O.I). (Kuio) HECTEPET{KO B.A. (Cyuu) HIKITIH IO.O. (Cyuu)HIMEHKO H.A., ei.{noeiAaLrrHuri cexperap (Cyvu)PHqKA B.M. (Ktai'e) COXAHb fI.C. (KHi's) -[r{MEHIXIH K.M. (itepuirin) PexoNaeunosaHo ro JIpyKy B.{eHo}o pa,qo}o CyMcbxoro lepxaBHoro yuirepcurery(npororo,r Ns5 sia 22.12.2011 p.) llocraHoeorc nperuaii BAK Yrpainu siA 1 rt.ini{r 2010 p. Ne 1-05/5 xypHan BHeceHo Ao nepeniry Hayr(oBlix $axonux Br4aaHb, B ,Kr,rx Moxyrb ny6rixyrarnca p$yxbrat{ auceprauifiuux po6it ua rgo6yrrr HayKoBLrx cTyneHin Aorqopa i rauAruara Hay( 3a cneqia,rluocrsuu "lcropnuHi uayxr.r" (Eroaerenr BAI{ Ytpaiun. - X 7. - 2010)" o cyMcbnlrft AEPXABHI,IIZ yHIBEPCLITET, 20ll  200 CYMCbKA CTAPOBUIIA 2077 EIJIIIHCSKI,Ifi o.o. HOBr 3 HAXTAKI4 CKI(pCbKI{X KI4rrnrKAJ{rB 13 TEP}ITOPII CI/MIIII,THPI ,[]o uayr;oers:c o6iey aaodnmaca, mptt ctci$caxux xuud;tx)anu, itlo sunaductso':uaiic)eu.i HLl tnepunxopii Cyutquuu. 3podtteuo cnpody Busuu+eHHlt rnunomszii' ma xtwcu$ixu r4ii' tlux'Jilaxid ox, ff o c.nigNer+Hfl Br{rraAxoBr4x 3uaxigor cri $cbKoi K.rrpirlroBoi s6poi Nrae gall$Ii.IBe 3i{aqeFrrrr{.{rr Br.rBqeuHrr AaHoro nepiog1,. Canr reprtain "Bnna4troBicrb" y $i:loco$ii Tpaicry.crr,cf, sK rrpoflB Heo6xiAnocri, raicr-''nrxripuocri. h4ia goca:r qacro Iie Mox(eMo rlo6a1ll1'tl{ ulo 3aKoHol,lipriicm, BExonirrrH :i Manoro o6'euy HaLur{x r,rarepia:rin [1, c.13]. Oco6;rNny poJrn Br{ir4[Kori :lnaxilxu i]oqrffiarerb ei4irpararur B yMoB&\. :nci:apa: ciilraJlr{c.a B r--larrtiit gepxaai, rofiu rpiaaHcl,ranns a]lxeonori,*-uax Aeic;ri4xenb .uy]Ke o6nrexcene. Tarox Bapro cxa3aru npo 3]iar{eHus Br na.{KoBi.rx :uaxi4on y Kor{reKcri cyuacuoi clliyaqii: pH}rKoM a"nrurnapiary, {yIH y ne.riuxiii xi:ir,xocri norpailn llorb rlpenMerrl crapoBuurr, tt1o e a6co-ruorHo flporr.r3axonr{rlhr J{R}rrrleh,{. Ko"nn uaqiouani,Ho-r(yrbT }pua cnaAtqr.{}ra Aepx(aBi.r He [eperaeu,c, B nry':ei, Ae BoHa Moxe 6yru 4ocTynnolo f,K Anfl ssr.r'raliuux nigai4ynauin, rax i AocniAnrarir, a n 6i.nrurocd suuanxis llorpantue y iipuBtrrui rolexqii, flK ue cncctepiraerbcs 3apa3, Berrr{Ke 3uarieuHfl Mae nasitl, aeu.rafrua $ixcaqi, TaKnx rr,ralepiauin i n-v6rixaqix y Saxonifi :rireparypi. lli4 uac po6orl4 3 raKr{MIr rrpep,reraMr 4oc.niguuxu crrrraromcs I Sararrr,ra iregorixauu, i n neptry qepry g aiac),Tuicrro icropraxo-KynbrypHoro KoHreKcrv suaxigrrl, HeHaJrsxHoro KoHcepBauierc niclx roto, .f,K rrpe;1N{er 6yn snafigenllii. ta irrue, L{e craaurs euua4roei anaxiAru 3a 3HaqeHrrJ{M rrr.{x(se :rux, qo 6yulr sAo6y"ri 6esnocepegnro uig.rac po3KorroK, aJre r{e 3MeHruye ix namra.rnicrr i qiunicrr 4u $axieqir. Taxox< criA riAsHa.iHTH, rIIo sa3nu'{ar1 1ocxi.uHuxu niggana,rra rrepetsari-BHBqeHHro KypranHr.rx uerponoxia crirlcuoro .racy a6o Ber-ruKrrx, Sarar.ux ua rsaxiAxil fopoAlIlu, TIII{ caMHM 3anrltrarcqu r\.{eHrrr AocniArxeur{Mu lepr{Topii, ge)KHxo pfll{oBe HaceneHu-fl. Taxmr q}rno\4, E}rBr{er{Hr{ rlroro nepio4y a6lrexeyna,uoc-r ntatepia.nruoro Kynbryporc, qo 6yna rrpHTaMaHHs. lr€Butr{},r npomapKairoycui;ructna. Alla,rorirlHa cicryarlix enocrepiraemcx i u rrre>xupi'l.li Cefil,ry- ii Bopcr.nu. Jtre lro3a yBarolo AocxiguraxiB 3anr.rrurrJrlrcfl cepe4lrs reqi, ftrc;ra ra niuo6epeNxx Cefiny. [Ipo nunaEr<oei suaxiAKr{ rphox KrzH,{xaxis - sparrie xururxosoi cxi@cnxoi:6poi s qiei irricqesocri frruuerr,cx gaui" trlepuruft Kr.rH/tx{an 6yno suaiigeHo y 2011 p. uiA.rac opaHxr{ ua ruoli nixl ce.rraMa Mocr<a:reuxr.r i Bupn Hinouimctroro paftouy (pnc.1, i). 36epexenicr; fioro gonoxi rapua. 3ara:uua AoB)Kirlra KI{HIxaJra - 34 cm, is fixux rra KirltrHoi: npl{naAae 22,5 c,oa. KHHAxa-,I saro.{euraft ig o6ox 6nxin, y nepernxi KJrr{}rok: },{a€ d,opuy Bur.sruyroro pou5a. Jie:a figyru rapaTreflrlHo i mrure xa xinqi exo"qsrbc.s. Htrupnua riesa 6irs uepexpecr-rr 3 cru,'ronrqnua - 0,5 crrt. ,{erqo rre3Br4qHa 63'gosa fiepexpecrfi Kr4nA]Kana. Boso [peAeraBJrxe co6oro cerMt;HT, nonepuyruri oKpynrr{M 6oxonr ,{o Jre3a. Hmxirifi xpafr y slrrrsAi Ayrr.r, a nepxuiff nprnrnil. fionxuua nepexpecrff 4,5 ctut, ufi{pr4rra 1,8 cvr, ToB]IiaiIa 1 crra. IlorrriTr{o, riio  cyMcbKA crAPoBtlti\ Hrxxxy 2077 201 [epexpecrrr Kpinunoc.s 3Br.rqatirr]IM AJIfl TaKOTO Tany KHHr]KarriB MeroroM. llepexpecta crna.qanoc{ 3 rBox onrlaxoBux rrJracrlr}lox, nr<i narra1alrrcs i rrpr4r(nerryB[i.ir]rc.s Ao ocHoBH rrrJr.flxoh4 KoBarEcbKoro 3BaproBaHHfi [2, C.48]. Haneprun y qroro I(HHlpfiana tsHroroBJr"flJrocx i rpiruJroc.s raKlrM x<e cuoco6or,l, rn i nepexpecr.fl> - IraKxenyBtuTocx uaplxin'r. Taxunt irrduoM, onrrcauilit Kr4HAxaJr Nfoxna niguecra 4o I ni4giny 5 urny rax;racu$ixailiero A.l.Menror<onoi [3, c.53]. {eiirun npeAcranrr,{rorb 2 xr.rngxaruz, onucaui sero. OAair i: ilux iloxoAr.{rb is xorexqii TeperqeHxa (ruicue suaxigxra:reni;1aue), isuruft :lrailgeuo e Tpaucnnnnauii. 3riplo B :lauaJrblrr{r\d Aar)rBar{r{flM Tpaueu.unearrcbxprx nan,r'flroK A.l.N{e:lroxcrra niAnocuti, qeri Tr{rr Ao vtr - \r cr. no H,e. A:re nal"i6:lulxsolo, Ha i{aIuy &yMl.y, anauoriex) ItITHA,T{rura s Brnpin MoxHarlBaixarH Klir-rAx(aJt, suarl4elrilfi A.€l.A;rixoBoro Ha ropoguuli Kysizna Ibpa nKypcmor,r_v lfocefinr'i, rie 3taJlagr.rfr A.I.MemoKoBoIo. Y rlsoro KHH.4xaJra Bigcyrne HaBepixs. ale pyrin'x :axiuuyerbc, 3Bylr(eHHsr,{. Ha {Ke BoHo BA.rra_[ocr. l).o.I3opc.ruina enaNac, u]o rlaBepurx 6y,ro uo;llo'ronolli6rurlr, i sa Hnnr rarye Kmrrnxar V - nr cr. Ao u.e. [4, c.132]. Clig saynaNl{Tl,I, uo raKotro run1, xpiureurtr r BacrocoByBturuc.fi [epeBa]r${o .una 6pycxonoAi6nrzx HaBepiir [5. c.1a4]. Touy, ua ]rauy A]MKy, xnu4xca-il cnig Aarysflra py6excenr VI - V cr. Ao H.e., a cropirue V c:r. Ao H.e. lde aarynariiu 6i:isiue eirnoniAae uacy icHynauHx ropornrqa Kysxna lopa [6, c.1 16] i :aralou xponolorii cxiSci,xux uaM'srox flocefml'.s. I{rllr rxe uacoM irponoHyeMo Aar.\tsaru i :uaxigry : Blrpin. IJixano siaguaquu.r, u{o K}rHANan is cerMer{ToBHTHHM ilepexpecrru 6y;ro :naiigeno Ha rvrorrnr,nuxy ni4ripuircri<oi Kynbryprr B c.Kasaporu-{i. BiH Mae raxe x repexpecr.r. aJre aHreHHe HaBeprH [7, c.68]. OScrextenu-x micqs rnaxi4xra xuu.qxaJra 3 Brapin rloKrr ulo He rrpoBo4rlirocs, :t'oMy oiL[aAI{o cKa3aTH, ril.r Ha IIr,oMy rtticui 6yno nocejIerlHs, r{r,r KHHIXaJT lloxotrr.ITb i: rynr,rypuoro mapy) rlr.t 3 po3opanoro Kyprairy. Iiic,ris Br.rBarerrrJ.f, :riaxigry 6yae uepeSaHo .uo Cyrrcrxoro o6tacnoro Kpa$HaBr{oro My3e}o. ,{p"vrnfi KIrHI(xaJr suafiAeHo e 1993 p. y c.Xotinr Cyucr,xoro pafiony (puc.1, 2), 3armrna AoBxxlra - 25 crra, is sifl.rx Ha KJrrrHoK npr4rraAae 14 crr,r. KnuANan laroqeuufi 3 o6ox 6oxie, y nepeutri Kirr{HoK nrae $opuy Br.{TflrHyroro porr.r6a. JIe:a figyrs neparrerbuo i luure na niriqi cxogsrr,c.fl. lllupuna le:a 6inx uepexpecrx 2,7 ctnt, T'oBrrdHHa - 0,5 u"r. I{raugxa-rr ltae 6pycr<ono4i6ue, Kp},tue n neperuHi iraBeprrrj{ 4ianerporvr 1,1 clr. Ilepexpec:rn? orreBr4AHo, 6yuo cepqonogiS}r[M, aire BepxIIx fioro "{acri{r{a B}rurr"rra : o6ox 6orin, i :reuep sono GiuoxnenoAi6noi $opuu. tr4oro gonNlrua * 4,7 crrt, runprrHa qacrunr{, rqo s6epeuacfi, * 2 crra, ToBIr1HIia - I crrr. f'axrau lrilHoM, r$rHlxaJr sa xnacu([iixaqiero A.I"Me",*oreosor turo)Kua riguecria Ao I siAliry 1 ruuy. Taxa Sopua e .{oourb uorumpeuoro i poilpenrfyerncx Garasr,rqa ana,rorisnra i8, c.47]. 3uysuuE r(oiro auaJroriii uoxna, stscplrytsiru )tsa"ry Ha re, u1o plxin's Kr{H,{}Kana pinue, a BaJtrrK tro Kparo i xono6or uo uer{Tpy, xapaxrepni A.rrg 6imulocri nr.rpo6il rlboro rlrrqr, nigcyrui. Taninr.uauonr, 'runo:roriqno 6.rrusbKi aua:iorii 6yni.i urafi4erui 6ins c.Cepriinrca, u.HouoasoBc6K, cr.Xoupra ra B ypoqunli Hoca.rli [9. c.105]. feorpa$i.liro safi6.uprx.rr4Mu axanorisnu Irborry KHHJIxany Molrua Ha3Barr4 Kr.iHAxaJr is c.Eypru KpeueimyqbKoro pafiouy llonrascurcoi o6nacri [ 1 0, o. t 68], Eirnenxoro ropoAr{rqa [11, c.1 17] ra cnt Kapuxinra Berurxorrucapincrroro paftony Cy,rracrxoi o6xacri  242 CYMC6KA CTAPOBUT{A i12. c.i47]. 3ara:lou, gccrignrrrirr cxriJrr,Hi Aarynaru rari peuiVI cr. Ao H.e...1.' fiKotroe clropiul 3a rce, c;rix ei{Hecrlt i r<lmgxta;r i: Xorisi. y 2009 p. Herro4arrir nir r,ricqs snaxiAxu cuiapo6iruuxaMlr nil Hru "Oxopolura apxeon*ri.'rna c.uyN<6a Yrpaiuu" iA HAH Yxpainu 61,no umxn:reilr rloceirerrnri narepiaramn cxirfc;ttoro qacy [13, c.6]. tr{inr<onc MoxrrlBo, mL-IiMH/IX(AJ,T IIOXOAI.{"IL Cahle 3 qiei nal,r'"srnn. f{ouo.ili :rixanorc cco6lnsicrro Kr{H.q)r(aJia e 're, ll1o ein :ua'rso Ginrure c-rri'leirufi 3 *.4HL)ro Soxy lvlcN<Jrr{Bo, ue s pe3y-rlbrarc,M r.ioro sTcpffrr.Hoi-,: qruvz m @> W Fnc. I 3ani:ui nuru4xa,ru : Cyrarquuu: l-Bupu ; 2-Xoriur; 3- Elqoui-qas  CYMCbKA CTAPOBHHA IIXYJ(V 2077 203 Br{K.Opr4CTar{ru B rocrroAapcrBi .[K 3Br.rqaftHoro Hoxa. [Ia AaHuii MOMeHT Kr{H.{x(an :6epiraerrcx n runitnn,tuy Kpa*HaBrronay rraysei iu.lennagix flerpona Xoriucrxoi 3cru. Kopucryrouprcr, HaroAoro, aBTop Br{crroBJrroe uupy noAqKy,[Npexroponi rdr,oro rlry3ero M.I.JIlmsulry 3a HaAaHnx suaxirlxu 4nx nyS.nixariii. Tperifi KuHJIi{prI6Jno:narl4eno e 2011 p., ir',ronipso, n u.Einoui;rrx Cymcrxoi o6nacri (pHc.1, 3). tr{oro 3araJlbl{a AoBxr{Ha - 30 c:ra, 3 .f,Krrx Ha KJrr4}roK rrpuraAae 19 cra. KusAxa:r garoqesnfi s o6ox 6oxin, y fleper]rrri rc.nunox rraae $opr,ry Br4'rJ{iH}'roto por',r6a. Jlega ffg}ru flapaJre,]rbHo i nurue naxisui exoggrrcx. Lunpuua cepqeno4iSue rrepexpecr.f, rloBx(H]roro 6 crrl, urrpr{Horo 3,2 cw i ronquHoro 1,2cur" Bi4cyrnicrr, HaBepril, He .(ae 3Morr,r ror{Ho npoAaryparN :uaxi4ry, ans }ra r<iuqi plxir'x, ge flnpa3 Ma-qo 3traxollflTucb HaBeplrrr, nolriluo oxplr:rnfi ornip, o'{eBHAHO, nil:al..renxu. Hanepmr rqinulocx caMe B 3aKJre[KoBO-SUapnufi cnociS, qe irarrrroBxye Ha .eyMKy, [r{o BoHo ]vrorJro 6yru ue 6pycxono4i6unna, a B o Jrloro n o.u,i 6 s pi,r,r " Ha ropucrr rtrboto cniA.mrr i"re, rqo 3 Boirrororroli6nurr.t nanepmxu i cepilenogiSHrrM riepexpecrflM KlrHrIxaJr Mox(Ha eiAHecru lo V cr. Ao H.e., ulo 3araroM ni4noni4ae xpouo:rorii CefiuuucbKux uaM'gror<. Tara r<ona6inaqix rraBepu{ i uepexpecu Mae rrrpori aua,rorii ua cyci4Hix repuropiax i n cauouyllocefina'i. l{e xuugNalu : Tuvxinchxoro pafiouy Kypcrxoi o6nacri [14, c.130], rxi criA sraxawtwair1rlnxql{Mlr airarori-mran KrrHAxaJra 3 Einouin:u; c.fiuxaurra la ypoqurqa Cr<opo6op y 6aceiini Bopcxnu [15, c.147]; Kyn'eBaxr{Hcbxoro HeKporrorlf, n 6acefiHi Cinepcrxoro ,{inqt 116, c.771. -f,i<ulo x rprurycrarr,l, ilIo HaBeprrr.f, 6yro nce*'raxn 6pycxouoAi6riuu, Kr.rHAxan AaryBaBc, 6 VI cr. Ao H. e., a raxi snaxiArfi n lloceftu'i Tpannfirorrcr Aocrrrr, pixxo. 3aralonr, Kr.luAxaJrlr 3 aHreHHI4M HaBepulf,M Ta cepueBliArll4M rrepexpecrmr nqeui cxunrni .{ar}tsarrr xiut1er,r YI cr. ,4o r{.e., a cxopirue V cr. no H.e. Cane,{o rlboro qacy, or{eBu4no, c.nig ni4uocmu i ssaxiAr<y: Einonin[s. Ha AaHHfi rrrorr,reur xrau.uxaJr s6epirae'rrcr e npunarnifi rconexqii.Ili46mnarculr rigcl,nox, Bapro ni4aua.llrr,r: EerrIoAaBHo spo6leni nrnaArosi sHaxiAnLI xnHAxarie 3uarrHo AorroBHrororr, Aani fipo Knr.{HKony edporc, rqo tsLrropucroB)tsarlacfi B cepe;trlriil reuii Cefir'ry i repxuifi re.rii llcna y cxi$orxufi uac. 1. CeAHr B.[i. C;i1=raliuoe Kax apof,BJresne 3axo]ioMepHoro / B.H.Ceaux l/ C.nyrafin'e uaxo.[Krr: xpoHoJrorl4.,r, arprdyr:m<a, r{cropnKo-hyJrcrypnrrfr xomercr. - CII6.,2008. - C.13-15. 2, UJpauxo 6.A. Texuuxa o6paSorxx xeJle3a B JlecocrenHofi n crennoft Cxu$un / E,A,lllpaur<o, Jl.A.Co.r*rqer, Jl.,{.@ouux li Coaercrax apxeoJrorr4rr. - 1963, - Ne4. - C.37-57 . 3. Me.:*orosa A.I,1. BoopyNeuue crN$or I A.fi,Memoxona /l Cnol apxeoiroruqecxrx i{croqHr{KoB. - 1964. - BlIn. [1-4. -206 c.4. Boponuua P.@. O xeroropErx KHrDKaJrax u aruruaxax Kypcxoii o6racru / F.t}.Boporuxa // Ilecocrenrnre KyJrbrlpbr cxu$cxoro BpeMeHH llMa;,repuwrct r{ r{ccJre.{oBaHr.r, no apxeoJrormr CCCP. - 1962. -Ne113, -C.130-134. 5. lUpauxo B.A. Hosrre lrccneAoBaHur rexHlrrxr4 o6pa6orxu xeJre3a n Crurluu / 6.A.IIIpaMKo, Jl.[.Oouml, JI.A.Comuen // Conercraa apxeonomur. - L971. - Ns4, - C.140-153. 6, Affrxosa A.E. flpenruae rcpo4uula Kypcxoro lloceffi,{rg / A.E.Anlxosa //Jlecocreursre (yrrr,rypbl cxuScroro nperraesu/i MHA,- 1962. -Nel13. - C.86'130. 7. Maxclruon E.B. flpennocru crr$cxoro BpeMeur.r Kueacroro Ioguenponrx / E,B.Maxcmraon, E.A.Ilerposcxax. - florrana,2008. - 1.26 c. 8. MefforosaA.H. Yxas. coq.
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