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     APOSTILA INGLÊS 6 Talking about entrepreneurship  –  LearnEnglish British Council http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/entrepreneurs-are-great/entrepreneurs-are-great-part-1  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Measured in decibels (db). A good input level to record at is about ______________________. Input level should never be allowed to exceed _')  on the _______________________(going into the ______________). 2- Limiting  - The process of placing a ______________________________limit on the maximum volume of an audio track or signal. The very loudest points will be brought back into check with the rest of the signal for a - ____________________ result. Often this is combined with Compression (see above). Soft limiting is more natural with less audible side effects (best for______________________). Hard limiting is more rapid and dramatic and best suited for percussion-type instruments. 3- Lossless - Meaning that if you save to a format that is lossless there will be zero loss of quality. Typically this will also mean ____________________file sizes. 4- Mastering  - The final process, after the mixing process, of balancing and  ________________________________various recordings (typically stereo) for final distribution. For example if ten final recordings are all to be put onto one cd, they may need to each be adjusted somewhat so that they sound coherent when played together. Usually other _____________________________________are also added and volume is maximized at this stage. 5- Mixing  - The process of consolidating a multitrack recording into a stereo or mono file using a hardware or software mixer, not to be confused with Mastering, above. Explain the difference betweenMONO x STEREOWINDSCREEN X POPFILTER Match: 1. Noise level (signal to noise ratio) 2. Normalization  3. Peak  4. . Phantom Power   5. Post Production  6. Preamp  7. Redline  8. Reverb  9. Signal  10. Signal path (or chain) ( ) This refers to the strength and quality of the audio and is typically in the form of an electrical voltage. ( ) Short for pre-amplifier. It can ensure that the audio signal sounds is at its best and has appropriate amount of gain. ( ) The processing steps which take place after you created your initial recording and editing. Steps may include adding effects, compression, mixing (for multi-track recordings), mastering and preparing audio for video. ( ) A time based (spatial) effect, like a yelling in a parking garage or tunnel. Unlike delay (which has an echo or slap-back sound), it has a soft continuous refracted sound. ( ) Everything the signal must travel through before it reaches the recorder. This may include the cables, mixer, preamp, compressors, interfaces, etc. ( ) Region of highest amplitude (loudest point) in the audio. ( ) Process of increasing overall audio volume. Similar to compression. ( ) Power source carried via the microphone cable from the hardware recorder, mixer or interface to the microphone. ( ) It refers to the point at which the audio signal level goes above the acceptable 0db level, going into the red. ( ) The volume or loudness of the noise heard when no other audio signal is present ( noise floor ).
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