英語100篇精讀薈萃(中級篇) | Equal Opportunity | Standardized Tests

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 105
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
 0
 
  英語 100 篇精讀匯粹(中級篇)【Type By Simon Lau(8029)】 Passage One (Violence Can Do Nothing to Diminish Race Prejudice) In some countries where racial prejudice is acute, violence has so come to be taken for granted as a means of solving differences, that it is not even questioned. There are countries where the white man imposes his rule by brute force; there are countries where the black man protests by setting fire to cities and by looting and pillaging. Important people on both sides, who would in other
Share
Transcript
  英語 100 篇精讀匯粹(中級篇)【 Type By Simon Lau ( 8029 )】 Passage One (Violence Can Do Nothing to Diminish Race Prejudice) In some countries where racial prejudice is acute, violence has so come to be taken for granted as a means of solving differences, that it is not even questioned. There are countries wherethe white man imposes his rule by brute force; there are countries where the black man protests bysetting fire to cities and by looting and pillaging. Important people on both sides, who would inother respects appear to be reasonable men, get up and calmly argue in favor of violence – as if itwere a legitimate solution, like any other. What is really frightening, what really fills you withdespair, is the realization that when it comes to the crunch, we have made no actual progress at all.We may wear collars and ties instead of war-paint, but our instincts remain basically unchanged.The whole of the recorded history of the human race, that tedious documentation of violence, hastaught us absolutely nothing. We have still not learnt that violence never solves a problem butmakes it more acute. The sheer horror, the bloodshed, the suffering mean nothing. No solutionever comes to light the morning after when we dismally contemplate the smoking ruins andwonder what hit us.The truly reasonable men who know where the solutions lie are finding it harder and herder to get a hearing. They are despised, mistrusted and even persecuted by their own kind becausethey advocate such apparently outrageous things as law enforcement. If half the energy that goesinto violent acts were put to good use, if our efforts were directed at cleaning up the slums andghettos, at improving living-standards and providing education and employment for all, we wouldhave gone a long way to arriving at a solution. Our strength is sapped by having to mop up themess that violence leaves in its wake. In a well-directed effort, it would not be impossible to fulfillthe ideals of a stable social programme. The benefits that can be derived from constructivesolutions are everywhere apparent in the world around us. Genuine and lasting solutions arealways possible, providing we work within the framework of the law.Before we can even begin to contemplate peaceful co-existence between the races, we mustappreciate each other’s problems. And to do this, we must learn about them: it is a simple exercisein communication, in exchanging information. ‘Talk, talk, talk,’ the advocates of violence say, ‘allyou ever do is talk, and we are none the wiser.’ It’s rather like the story of the famous barrister who painstakingly explained his case to the judge. After listening to a lengthy argument the judgecomplained that after all this talk, he was none the wiser. ‘Possible, my lord,’ the barrister replied,‘none the wiser, but surely far better informed.’ Knowledge is the necessary prerequisite towisdom: the knowledge that violence creates the evils it pretends to solve.1.What is the best title for this passage?[A] Advocating Violence.[B] Violence Can Do Nothing to Diminish Race Prejudice.[C] Important People on Both Sides See Violence As a Legitimate Solution.[D] The Instincts of Human Race Are Thirsty for Violence.2.Recorded history has taught us[A] violence never solves anything.[B] nothing.[C] the bloodshed means nothing.[D] everything. 1  英語 100 篇精讀匯粹(中級篇)【 Type By Simon Lau ( 8029 )】 3.It can be inferred that truly reasonable men[A] can’t get a hearing.[B] are looked down upon.[C] are persecuted.[D] Have difficulty in advocating law enforcement.4.“He was none the wiser” means[A] he was not at all wise in listening.[B] He was not at all wiser than nothing before.[C] He gains nothing after listening.[D] He makes no sense of the argument.5.According the author the best way to solve race prejudice is[A] law enforcement.[B] knowledge.[C] nonviolence.[D] Mopping up the violent mess.Vocabulary1.acute 嚴重的,劇烈的,敏銳的 2.lootv. 搶劫,掠奪; n. 贓物 3.pillagev. 搶劫,掠奪 4.crunchv. 吱 嘎 吱 嘎 咬 或 嚼 某 物 ; n. 碎 裂 聲 when it comes to the crunch = if/when the decisive moment comes. 當關鍵時刻來到時。 5.war-paint 出戰前塗於身上的顏料。(美印第安戰士用) 6.come to light = become known 顯露,為人所知 7.sap 剝 削 , 使 傷 元 氣 , 破 壞 I was sapped by months of hospital treatment. 我住院治療幾個月,大傷元氣。 8.mop up 擦去,對付,處理 9.wake 船 跡 , 航 跡 in the wake of sth. = come after  隨某事之後到來。難句譯注 1.What is really frightening, what really fills you with despair is the realization that when itcomes to the crunch, we have made no actual progress at all. 【結構簡析】 when it comes to the crunch = when / if the decisive moment comes. 當關鍵時刻來 到 時 。【參考譯文】真正令人可怖的,令人絕望的是,在關鍵時刻,人們意識到我們一點兒也沒有進步 / 前進。 2.Our strength is sapped by having to mop up the mess that violence leaves in its wake. 【 結 構 簡 析 】 in the wake of  在 … 之 後 。【參考譯文】由於我們不得不清理掉暴力之後所留下的爛攤子,我們的力量因此削弱了。 3.After listening to a lengthy argument the judge complained that after all this talk, he was nonethe wiser. 【結構簡析】 none + the + 比較級。固定用法,義: not at all 一點兒也不。 EX: After thetreatment, he is none the better. 治療後,他並沒有因此見好,(一點兒也不見好)。 2  英語 100 篇精讀匯粹(中級篇)【 Type By Simon Lau ( 8029 )】 【參考譯文】聽了律師的長篇解釋,法官抱怨說他一無所獲,並不因此變得聰明些。 4.Knowledge is the necessary prerequisite to wisdom. 【參考譯文】知識是智慧的必要的先決條件。結合上下文這裏意思是:瞭解情況是解決問題的先決條件。句子後面的解釋:知識是指瞭解它欲以解決暴力製造的惡行。寫作方法與文章大意作者主要以對比的手法寫出了暴力是有些國家用以解決種族差異的公認方法,這是人本性沒有進步的表現,真正理智的人提出了法制才是解決問題的唯一途徑,而這些人遭人輕視、迫害。作者指出如果我們把使用暴力的一半精力放在消除貧民窟,改善生活水平,提 供教育和就業,清除暴力造成的後果,也就是通 過 對它以法治理是 能 真正解決種族問題的。 儘管 這些暴力者 採取充耳 不 聞 的 態度 。 答案詳 解 1.B 暴力難以消除種族 偏 見。文章一 開始 就提出有些國家種族 偏 見嚴重,而暴力 卻 是公認的一種解決方法。 白 人 採 用暴力 鎮壓 , 黑 人以 防火 、掠搶為 反抗 。而 雙 方的大人物平 靜地論及 暴力, 似乎 這是一種合法的解決方 案 。作者就此指出人 類 的進步 只 在於表面 ――衣飾等 ,人 類 的本 能 沒有改變。 整 個有 記錄歷史 的 檔 沒有教  會 人 類任何東西 。這是真正令人 可 怕 的 事 件 。第 二段論及 真正有理智的 懂 得解決方 案 所在的人 鼓吹 法制,人們不 停 。他們 反 而 收 到輕 視、迫害。作者就此提出 假設 , 答 出真正的解決方 案嗜 法制,以法治理。第 三段 進一步說明 “交流 、對 話” 是瞭解 雙 方問題的前提, 即 使暴力者不 同 意, 但 知 道 暴 力 製 造 它 假裝 要 解 決 的 罪 惡 , 是 智 慧 聰 明 的 必 要 前 提 。 A. 鼓吹 暴力。 C. 雙 方重要人物 都 把暴力作為合法的解決方 案 。 D. 人 類 的本性是 嗜 暴性。 2.B 沒有 什麼 。第一 段 中就明 確 提出 整 個人 類 有 記錄歷史又 長 又臭 的暴力 檔記錄 ,一點  都 沒 有 教  給 我 們 任何東西 。 A. 暴力解決不了 任何 事情。 C. 殺戮 ( 流血 )沒有 任何 意義。 D. 一 切 。 3.D 在 鼓吹 法制方面有 困 難。 答案 在第 二段 ,真正有理智的人 鼓吹 法制,遭到 同類 們的輕 視、不 信任 和迫害。他們 發 現要人 傾 聽他們的意見 越 來 越困 難。 A. 人們不聽。 B. 遭人輕視。 C. 遭人迫害。這 三項都包含 在 D 項內 。 4.C 聽後無所得。  None the wiser  一點也不比以前聰明(這是 按字 面 翻 譯)。 實際 就是 C 項 。 A. 在 傾 聽 別 人上他一點也不聰明。 B. 他和以前一個 樣 。 D. 他聽不 懂論 點。 5.A 法制。第 二段最 後一句,如果我們在法律的構 架 中進行 工 作,真正的 持久 的解決 總 是 能實 現的。第 二段 第 二 句,他們遭到迫害是因為他們 鼓吹 法制這種顯 然 令人不 能容忍 的事 。 B. 知識。 C. 非 暴力。 D. 處理暴力 帶 來的 混亂 。 Passage Two (The Tourist Trade Contributes Absolutely Nothing toIncreasing Understanding between Nations) The tourist trade is booming. With all this coming and going, you’d expect greater understanding to develop between the nations of the world. Not a bit of it! Superb systems of communication by air, sea and land make it possible for us to visit each other’s countries at amoderate cost. What was once the ‘grand tour’, reserved for only the very rich, is now within 3  英語 100 篇精讀匯粹(中級篇)【 Type By Simon Lau ( 8029 )】 everybody’s grasp? The package tour and chartered flights are not to be sneered at. Moderntravelers enjoy a level of comfort which the lords and ladies on grand tours in the old dayscouldn’t have dreamed of. But what’s the sense of this mass exchange of populations if the nationsof the world remain basically ignorant of each other?Many tourist organizations are directly responsible for this state of affairs. They deliberatelyset out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population. The modern touristleads a cosseted, sheltered life. He lives at international hotels, where he eats his international foodand sips his international drink while he gazes at the natives from a distance. Conducted tours to places of interest are carefully censored. The tourist is allowed to see only what the organizerswant him to see and no more. A strict schedule makes it impossible for the tourist to wander off onhis own; and anyway, language is always a barrier, so he is only too happy to be protected in thisway. At its very worst, this leads to a new and hideous kind of colonization. The summer quartersof the inhabitants of the cite universitaire: are temporarily reestablished on the island of Corfu.Blackpool is recreated at Torremolinos where the traveler goes not to eat paella, but fish and chips.The sad thing about this situation is that it leads to the persistence of national stereotypes. Wedon’t see the people of other nations as they really are, but as we have been brought up to believethey are. You can test this for yourself. Take five nationalities, say, French, German, English,American and Italian. Now in your mind, match them with these five adjectives: musical,amorous, cold, pedantic, native. Far from providing us with any insight into the nationalcharacteristics of the peoples just mentioned, these adjectives actually act as barriers. So when youset out on your travels, the only characteristics you notice are those which confirm your  preconceptions. You come away with the highly unsrcinal and inaccurate impression that, say,‘Anglo-Saxons are hypocrites’ of that ‘Latin peoples shout a lot’. You only have to make a fewforeign friends to understand how absurd and harmful national stereotypes are. But how can youmake foreign friends when the tourist trade does its best to prevent you?Carried to an extreme, stereotypes can be positively dangerous. Wild generalizations stir upracial hatred and blind us to the basic fact—how trite it sounds! – That all people are human. Weare all similar to each other and at the same time all unique.1.The best title for this passage is[A] tourism contributes nothing to increasing understanding between nations.[B] Tourism is tiresome.[C] Conducted tour is dull.[D] tourism really does something to one’s country.2.What is the author’s attitude toward tourism?[A] apprehensive.[B] negative.[C] critical.[D] appreciative.3.Which word in the following is the best to summarize Latin people shout a lot?[A] silent.[B] noisy.[C] lively.[D] active. 4
Related Search
Similar documents
View more
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks