The intersection of Nabataean-Aramaic and Arabic/ANA in the legal texts from Naḥal Ḥever

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  Sigrid K. Kjær University of Texas at Austin s.k.kjaer@utexas.edu The Intersection of Nabataean-Aramaic and Arabic/ANA in the Legal Texts from Na ḥ al Ḥ ever Annual Meeting of the American Oriental Society, Phoenix, AZ, March 14-17 Core issues: -   what is the distribution  of the loan-words? When and how  do they complement the Aramaic legal terms found for instance in the legal texts from Elephantine? -   what is the nature  of the loanwords? Are they, in fact Arabic  or rather, a dialect of Ancient North Arabian ? -   Does this distribution of words imply an independent legal tradition? Lexemes treated in this presentation: ḥ lyq  - קילח   ‘costumary, proper’  Referring to local legal custom? ʔṣ dq  - ק צ ‘rightful heir’  Possible elative form? (still a lexical loan)  yrt   - תרי   ‘heir’  Parallel to ʔṣ dq ? ʔ  kry  - ירכ ‘leasing fee’  Parallel to ḥ krh ? ʔštrhn  - ןהרתש ‘it has been taken as pledge’   ‘Arabic’ X -form? Parallel to mškn ? Selected bibliography: Farès-Drappeau, S. 2005  Dédan et Li ḥ  yân , Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée, Lyon . Greenfield, J. C. 1991 “  Kullu nafsin bimâ kasabat rahînâ: the use of rhn in Aramaic and Arabic” in: A. Jones (ed.),  Arabicus  Felix: Luminosus Britannicus , Ithaca Press, Reading. Gross, A. D. 2008 Continuity and Innovation in the Aramaic Legal Tradition ,   Brill, Leiden. Healey, J. F. 1993 The Nabataean Tomb Inscriptions of Mada’in Salih ,   Oxford University Press, Oxford. Khan, G. 1994 “The Pre -Islamic background of Muslim Legal Formulari es”,  Aram 6, pp. 193-224. Yadin, Y., J. C. Greenfield, A. Yardeni and B. A. Levine (et alii) 2002 The Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters  –   Hebrew, Aramaic and Nabatean- Aramaic Papyri , Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem.  Sigrid K. Kjær University of Texas at Austin s.k.kjaer@utexas.edu N (Map from Macdonald, M. C. A “Reflections on the linguistic map of pre- Islamic Arabia”, AAE 2000:11: 28 -79)   Na ḥ al Ḥ ever Mada’in  Sale ḥ  
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