Milk Matters in Karamoja: Milk in Children’s Diets and Household Livelihoods | Food Security | Pastoralism

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  Households in the Karamoja region of northeastern Uganda have seen a precipitous drop in access to and availability of animal milk in recent years. The declining milk supply affects livelihoods, food security, and markets, but has the greatest impact on the diets and nutrition of young children. This study, the latest under the collaborative initiative between the Feinstein International Center and Save the Children, examines changes in milk supply and uses by households in pastoral, agro-pastoral and agricultural livelihood zones in Karamoja. Using participatory methods of data collection, the research illustrates both how significant the loss of milk has been to diets and livelihoods and how households have responded to this loss. We find that households prioritize feeding any available milk to children at the expense of milk for all other household members and all other purposes. Nevertheless, the overall reduction of milk in the diets of children continues to have serious nutritional consequences that warrant further attention at the programming, policy and advocacy levels. This report is available for download at
  Strengthening the humanity and dignity of people in crisis through knowledge and practice OCTOBER 2011 Milk Matters in Karamoja:Milk in Children’s Diets and Household Livelihoods Elizabeth Stites & Emily Mitchard  in Uganda  Feinstein International Center 2   ©2011 Feinstein International Center. All Rights Reserved.Fair use o this copyrighted material includes its use or non-commercial educationalpurposes, such as teaching, scholarship, research, criticism, commentary, and newsreporting. Unless otherwise noted, those who wish to reproduce text and image flesrom this publication or such uses may do so without the Feinstein InternationalCenter’s express permission. However, all commercial use o this material and/orreproduction that alters its meaning or intent, without the express permission o theFeinstein International Center, is prohibited.Feinstein International CenterTuts University200 Boston Ave., Suite 4800Medord, MA 02155USAtel: +1 617.627.3423ax: +1 617.627.3428fc.tu  Milk Matters in Karamoja: Milk in Children’s Diets and Household Livelihoods1 Acknowledgements 2 Executive Summary 3Introduction 5 Background 5Methods 5 Literature Review 7 Livelihoods and diets in Karamoja 7 Nutritional patterns in Karamoja 8 Milk in livelihoods and diets 9 Findings 10 Sources o milk 10 Uses o milk 13 Milk in diets o young children 17 Livelihood adaptations 23 Thinking through Interventions 25 Local perspectives 25 External interventions 26 In the meantime: conclusions and key recommendations 28  Endnotes 30Works Cited 33 Contents  Feinstein International Center 2 Acknowledgements The authors wish to acknowledge the work o Khristopher Carlson,Darlington Akabwai, Michael Kapolon, Irene Emanikor and JoyceIlukori in collecting the data or this report. Berhanu Admassu ranthe training, and input on the study design came rom Kate Sadler,Andy Catley, Thomas Cole, Lorin Fries, Tanya Khara Latimore andClaudia Hudspeth. Thank you to Richard Owono, Luc Vanhoorickx,Vincent Abura, Diane Francisco, Peter Nkhonjera and the eld sta at Save the Children in Uganda or logistics and support o thisproject, and appreciation to UNICEF/Kampala or donor support.Administrative support at Tuts University was provided by AnitaRobbins, Elizabeth O’Leary, Rosa Pendenza and Ann O’Brien.Khristopher Carlson took the photographs and Bridget Snow did thelayout. The lead author takes responsibility or any errors in thisreport and can be contacted atelizabeth.stites@tu
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