Eugene N. Nweke “Rethinking National Security in Nigeria: Analysis of Predisposing Conditions and Prospects for Stable Polity” Security Strategies Journal; Dec2011, Vol. 7 Issue 14, p101

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     Author, title, publication date, page numbers   • Eugene N. Nweke “Rethinking National Security in Nigeria: Analysis of Predisposing Conditions and Prospects for Stable Polity” Security Strategies Journal; Dec2011, Vol. 7 Issue 14, p101  SHORT SUMMARY OF THE ARTICLE   • The article talks about the biggest problems faced by the people of Nigeria today in terms of insecurity of human lives and property which has greatly affected her polity (political murders, assassinations, violence in elections, ethnic cleansing, social and the religious conflicts in Nigeria Delta crisis, kidnappings, armed robberies and bombings events, and so on. The insecurity ranges from state security to human security resulting from increase in abject poverty, sectarian violence, political violence /assassinations, electoral violence, ethnic, communal and religious conflicts, Niger-Delta crisis, kidnapping and armed robbery.  MAIN ARGUEMENTS OF THE AUTHOR   • The authors analysis that the primary responsibility of security life and property of citizens is the purpose of the state. He lays emphasises on the Hobebesian thesis of the ‘ Levithan ’  . • The state, being social contract creation, is positioned to respond to security threats on the expectation and the recognition that cooperative relationships based on a division of labour, distribution and exchange would better enable survival of the physically weak while protecting the might from the conspiracy  Cont………   • Nweke further argues that ; there is no doubt that national security embodies the sovereignty of the state, the inviolability of its national boundaries, and the right to individual and collective self-defence against internal and external threats. But the state is secure only when the aggregate of people organised under it has a consciousness of belonging to a common sovereign political community, enjoy equal political freedom, human rights, economic opportunities, and when the state itself is able to ensure independence in its development and foreign policy.
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